1:1 And Moab rebelled against Israel after the death of Ahab.
1:2 And Ahaziah fell down through the lattice in his upper chamber that was in Samaria, and was sick: and he sent messengers, and said unto them, Go, inquire of Baal-zebub, the god of Ekron, whether I shall recover of this sickness.
1:3 But the angel of Jehovah said to Elijah the 1Tishbite, Arise, go up to meet the messengers of the king of Samaria, and say unto them, Is it because there is no God in Israel, that ye go to inquire of Baal-zebub, the god of Ekron?
1Meaning, sojourner And so everywhere.1:4 Now therefore thus saith Jehovah, Thou shalt not come down from the bed whither thou art gone up, but shalt surely die. And Elijah departed.
1:5 And the messengers returned unto him, and he said unto them, Why is it that ye are returned?
1:6 And they said unto him, There came up a man to meet us, and said unto us, Go, turn again unto the king that sent you, and say unto him, Thus saith Jehovah, Is it because there is no God in Israel, that thou sendest to inquire of Baal-zebub, the god of Ekron? therefore thou shalt not come down from the bed whither thou art gone up, but shalt surely die.
1:7 And he said unto them, What manner of man was he that came up to meet you, and told you these words?
1:8 And they answered him, He was 2a hairy man, and girt with a girdle of leather about his loins. And he said, It is Elijah the Tishbite.
2Or, a man with a garment of hair about his loins.1:9 Then the king sent unto him a captain of fifty with his fifty. And he went up to him: and, behold, he was 3sitting on the top of the hill. And he spake unto him, O man of God, the king hath said, Come down.
3Or, dwelling1:10 And Elijah answered and said to the captain of fifty, If I be a man of God, let fire come down from heaven, and consume thee and thy fifty. And there came down fire from heaven, and consumed him and his fifty.
1:11 And again he sent unto him another captain of fifty with his fifty. And he answered and said unto him, O man of God, thus hath the king said, Come down quickly.
1:12 And Elijah answered and said unto them, If I be a man of God, let fire come down from heaven, and consume thee and thy fifty. And the fire of God came down from heaven, and consumed him and his fifty.
1:13 And again he sent the captain of a third fifty with his fifty. And the third captain of fifty went up, and came and fell on his knees before Elijah, and besought him, and said unto him, O man of God, I pray thee, let my soul, and the soul of these fifty thy servants, be precious in thy sight.
1:14 Behold, there came fire down from heaven, and consumed the two former captains of fifty with their fifties; but now let my soul be precious in thy sight.
1:15 And the angel of Jehovah said unto Elijah, Go down with him: be not afraid of him. And he arose, and went down with him unto the king.
1:16 And he said unto him, Thus saith Jehovah, Forasmuch as thou hast sent messengers to inquire of Baal-zebub, the god of Ekron, is it because there is no God in Israel to inquire of his word? therefore thou shalt not come down from the bed whither thou art gone up, but shalt surely die.
1:17 So he died according to the word of Jehovah which Elijah had spoken. 4And Jehoram began to reign in his stead in the second year of Jehoram the son of Jehoshaphat king of Judah; because he had no son.
4Sept. (not Lucian’s recension) alone reads And Joram the son of Ahab reigned over Israel in Samaria twenty-two years beginning in the eighteenth year of Jehoshaphat king of Judah; Jehoshaphat’s reign had not yet ended. He may have made his son Jehoram co-regent in the year he joined Ahab in going to war.1:18 Now the rest of the acts of Ahaziah which he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel?
2:1 And it came to pass, when Jehovah would take up Elijah by a whirlwind into heaven, that Elijah went with Elisha from Gilgal.
2:2 And Elijah said unto Elisha, Tarry here I pray thee; for Jehovah hath sent me as far as Beth-el. And Elisha said, As Jehovah liveth, and as thy soul liveth, I will not leave thee. So they went down to Beth-el.
2:3 And the sons of the prophets that were at Beth-el came forth to Elisha, and said unto him, Knowest thou that Jehovah will take away thy master from thy head today? And he said, Yes, I know it; hold ye your peace.
2:4 And Elijah said unto him, Elisha, tarry here, I pray thee; for Jehovah hath sent me to Jericho. And he said, As Jehovah liveth, and as thy soul liveth, I will not leave thee. So they came to Jericho.
2:5 And the sons of the prophets that were at Jericho came near to Elisha, and said unto him, Knowest thou that Jehovah will take away thy master from thy head today? And he answered, Yes, I know it; hold ye your peace.
2:6 And Elijah said unto him, Tarry here, I pray thee; for Jehovah hath sent me to the Jordan. And he said, As Jehovah liveth, and as thy soul liveth, I will not leave thee. And they two went on.
2:7 And fifty men of the sons of the prophets went, and stood over against them afar off: and they two stood by the Jordan.
2:8 And Elijah took his mantle, and wrapped it together, and smote the waters, and they were divided hither and thither, so that they two went over on dry ground.
2:9 And it came to pass, 5when they were gone over, that Elijah said unto Elisha, Ask what I shall do for thee, before I am taken from thee. And Elisha said, I pray thee, let 6a double portion of thy spirit be upon me.
5Or, as they went,2:10 And he said, Thou hast asked a hard thing: nevertheless, if thou see me when I am taken from thee, it shall be so unto thee; but if not, it shall not be so.
6That is, the firstborn’s portion See Dt 21:17.
2:11 And it came to pass, as they still went on, and talked, that, behold, there appeared 7a chariot of fire, and horses of fire, which parted them both asunder; and Elijah went up by a whirlwind into heaven.
7Or, chariots of fire,2:12 And Elisha saw it, and he cried, My father, my father, the 8chariots of Israel and the horsemen thereof And he saw him no more: and he took hold of his own clothes, and rent them in two pieces.
8Or, chariot of Israel2:13 He took up also the mantle of Elijah that fell from him, and went back, and stood by the bank of the Jordan.
2:14 And he took the mantle of Elijah that fell from him, and smote the waters, and said, Where is Jehovah, 9the God of Elijah? and when he also had smitten the waters, they were divided hither and thither; and Elisha went over.
9Or, the God of Elijah, even he? and when he had smitten the waters,2:15 And when the sons of the prophets that were at Jericho over against him saw him, they said, The spirit of Elijah doth rest on Elisha. And they came to meet him, and bowed themselves to the ground before him.
2:16 And they said unto him, Behold now, there are with thy servants fifty strong men; let them go, we pray thee, and seek thy master, lest the Spirit of Jehovah hath taken him up, and cast him upon some mountain, or into some valley. And he said, Ye shall not send.
2:17 And when they urged him till he was ashamed, he said, Send. They sent therefore fifty men; and they sought three days, but found him not.
2:18 And they came back to him, while he tarried at Jericho; and he said unto them, Did I not say unto you, Go not?
2:19 And the men of the city said unto Elisha, Behold, we pray thee, the situation of this city is pleasant, as my lord seeth: but the water is bad, and the land 10miscarrieth.
10Or, casteth its fruit.2:20 And he said, Bring me a new cruse, and put salt therein. And they brought it to him.
2:21 And he went forth unto the spring of the waters, and cast salt therein, and said, Thus saith Jehovah, I have healed these waters; there shall not be from thence any more death or 11miscarrying.
11Or, casting of fruit.2:22 So the waters were healed unto this day, according to the word of Elisha which he spake.
2:23 And he went up from thence unto Beth-el; and as he was going up by the way, there came forth young lads out of the city, and mocked him, and said unto him, 12Go up, thou baldhead; go up, thou baldhead.
12In modern slang, Keep climbing, Old Baldy!2:24 And he looked behind him and saw them, and cursed them in the name of Jehovah. And there came forth two she-bears out of the wood, and tare forty-two lads of them.
2:25 And he went from thence to mount Carmel, and from thence he returned to Samaria.
3:1 Now Jehoram the son of Ahab began to reign over Israel in Samaria in the eighteenth year of Jehoshaphat king of Judah, and reigned twelve years.
3:2 And he did that which was evil in the sight of Jehovah, but not like his father, and like his mother; for he put away the 13pillar of Baal that his father had made.
13Or, obelisk3:3 Nevertheless he cleaved unto the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, wherewith he made Israel to sin; he departed not therefrom.
3:4 Now Mesha king of Moab was a sheep-master; and he rendered unto the king of Israel 14the wool of a hundred thousand lambs, and of a hundred thousand rams.
14Or, hundred thousand lambs, and a hundred thousand rams, with the wool.3:5 But it came to pass, when Ahab was dead, that the king of Moab rebelled against the king of Israel.
3:6 And king Jehoram went out of Samaria at that time, and mustered all Israel.
3:7 And he went and sent to Jehoshaphat the king of Judah, saying, The king of Moab hath rebelled against me: wilt thou go with me against Moab to battle? And he said, I will go up: I am as thou art, my people as thy people, my horses as thy horses.
3:8 And he said, Which way shall we go up? And he answered, The way of the wilderness of Edom.
3:9 So the king of Israel went, and the king of Judah, and the king of Edom; and they made a circuit of seven days’ journey: and there was no water for the host, nor for the beasts that followed them.
3:10 And the king of Israel said, Alas! for Jehovah hath called these three kings together to deliver them into the hand of Moab.
3:11 But Jehoshaphat said, Is there not here a prophet of Jehovah, that we may inquire of Jehovah by him? And one of the king of Israel’s servants answered and said, Elisha the son of Shaphat is here, who poured water on the hands of Elijah.
3:12 And Jehoshaphat said, The word of Jehovah is with him. So the king of Israel and Jehoshaphat and the king of Edom went down to him.
3:13 And Elisha said unto the king of Israel, What have I to do with thee? get thee to the prophets of thy father, and to the prophets of thy mother. And the king of Israel said unto him, No; for Jehovah hath called these three kings together to deliver them into the hand of Moab.
3:14 And Elisha said, As Jehovah of hosts liveth, before whom I stand, surely, were it not that I regard the presence of Jehoshaphat the king of Judah, I would not look toward thee, nor see thee.
3:15 But now bring me a minstrel. And it came to pass, when the minstrel played, that the hand of Jehovah came upon him.
3:16 And he said, Thus saith Jehovah, Make this valley full of trenches.
3:17 For thus saith Jehovah, Ye shall not see wind, neither shall ye see rain; yet that valley shall be filled with water, and ye shall drink, both ye and your cattle and your beasts.
3:18 And this is but a light thing in the sight of Jehovah: he will also deliver the Moabites into your hand.
3:19 And ye shall smite every fortified city, and every choice city, and shall fell every good tree, and stop all fountains of water, and mar every good piece of land with stones.
3:20 And it came to pass in the morning about the time of offering the oblation, that, behold, there came water by the way of Edom, and the country was filled with water.
3:21 Now when all the Moabites heard that the kings were come up to fight against them, they 15gathered themselves together, all that were able to 16put on armor, and upward, and stood on the border.
15Or, were called together,3:22 And they rose up early in the morning, and the sun shone upon the water, and the Moabites saw the water over against them as red as blood:
16Hb. gird themselves with a girdle,
3:23 and they said, This is blood; the kings 17are surely destroyed, and they have smitten each man his fellow: now therefore, Moab, to the spoil.
17Or, have surely fought together,3:24 And when they came to the camp of Israel, the Israelites rose up and smote the Moabites, so that they fled before them; and they went 18forward into the land smiting the Moabites.
18Hb. into it and smote Moab.3:25 And they beat down the cities; and on every good piece of land they cast every man his stone, and filled it; and they stopped all the fountains of water, and felled all the good trees, until in Kir-hareseth only they left the stones thereof; howbeit the slingers went about it, and smote it.
3:26 And when the king of Moab saw that the battle was too sore for him, he took with him seven hundred men that drew sword, to break through unto the king of Edom; but they could not.
3:27 Then he took his eldest son that should have reigned in his stead, and offered him for a burnt-offering upon the wall. And 19there was great wrath against Israel: 20and they departed from him, and returned to their own land.
19Or, there came great wrath upon Israel: The role of the crown prince, and any demands Israel may have made concerning him, are not easily inferred here. But see the Moabite-stone footnote below.[2King 4]
20King Mesha of Moab commemorated his rebellion and violence in a stone discovered in 1868, largely corroborating the account above: I am Mesha, son of Chemosh-[...], king of Moab, the Dibonite – my father had reigned over Moab thirty years, and I reigned after my father, – who made this high place for Chemosh in Qarhoh [...] because he saved me from all the kings and caused me to triumph over all my adversaries. As for Omri, king of Israel, he humbled Moab many years (lit. days), for Chemosh was angry at his land. And his son [Ahab] followed him and he also said, “I will humble Moab.” In my time he spoke thus, but I have triumphed over him and over his house, while Israel* hath perished for ever! Now Omri had occupied the land of Medeba, and Israel had dwelt there in his time and half the time of his son, forty years [ago ?]; but Chemosh dwelt there in my time. And I built Baal-meon, making a reservoir in it, and I built Qaryaten. Now the men of Gad had always dwelt in the land of Ataroth, and the king of Israel had built Ataroth for them; but I fought against the town and took it and slew all the people of the town as satiation (intoxication) for Chemosh and Moab. And I brought back from there Arel (or, Oriel), its chieftain, dragging him before Chemosh in Kerioth, and I settled there men of Sharon and men of Maharith. And Chemosh said to me, “Go, take Nebo from Israel!” So I went by night and fought against it from the break of dawn until noon, taking it and slaying all, seven thousand men, boys, women, girls and maid-servants, for I had devoted them to destruction for the god Ashtar-Chemosh. And I took from there the [...] of Jehovah, dragging them before Chemosh. And the king of Israel had built Jahaz, and he dwelt there while he was fighting against me, but Chemosh drove him out before me. And I took from Moab two hundred men, all first class warriors, and set them against Jahaz and took it in order to attach it to the district of Dibon. It was I who built Qaroh, the wall of the forests (?) and the wall of the citadel... And I cut beams (?) for Qarhoh with Israelite captives. ... [James B. Pritchard, Ancient Near Eastern Texts Relating to the Old Testament, 2nd edn.; Princeton: 1955. p. 320.] *Possibly written the year after Ahab’s sons were all slain. chs. 9-10.
4:1 Now there cried a certain woman of the wives of the sons of the prophets unto Elisha, saying, Thy servant my husband is dead; and thou knowest that thy servant did fear Jehovah: and the creditor is come to take unto him my two children to be bondmen.
4:2 And Elisha said unto her, What shall I do for thee? tell me; what hast thou in the house? And she said, Thy handmaid hath not anything in the house, save a pot of oil.
4:3 Then he said, Go, borrow thee vessels abroad of all thy neighbors, even empty vessels; borrow not a few.
4:4 And thou shalt go in, and shut the door upon thee and upon thy sons, and pour out into all those vessels; and thou shalt set aside that which is full.
4:5 So she went from him, and shut the door upon her and upon her sons; they brought the vessels to her, and she poured out.
4:6 And it came to pass, when the vessels were full, that she said unto her son, Bring me yet a vessel. And he said unto her, There is not a vessel more. And the oil stayed.
4:7 Then she came and told the man of God. And he said, Go, sell the oil, and pay thy debt, and live thou and thy sons of the rest.
4:8 And it fell on a day, that Elisha passed to Shunem, where was a great woman; and she constrained him to eat bread. And so it was, that as oft as he passed by, he turned in thither to eat bread.
4:9 And she said unto her husband, Behold now, I perceive that this is a holy man of God, that passeth by us continually.
4:10 Let us make, I pray thee, a little chamber 21on the wall; and let us set for him there a bed, and a table, and a seat, and a lampstand: and it shall be, when he cometh to us, that he shall turn in thither.
21Or, with walls;4:11 And it fell on a day, that he came thither, and he turned into the chamber and lay there.
4:12 And he said to Gehazi his servant, Call this Shunammite. And when he had called her, she stood before him.
4:13 And he said unto him, Say now unto her, Behold, thou hast 22been careful for us with all this care; what is to be done for thee? wouldest thou be spoken for to the king, or to the captain of the host? And she answered, I dwell among mine own people.
22Or, showed us all this reverence;4:14 And he said, What then is to be done for her? And Gehazi answered, Truly she hath no son, and her husband is old.
4:15 And he said, Call her. And when he had called her, she stood in the door.
4:16 And he said, At this season, when the time cometh round, thou shalt embrace a son. And she said, No, my lord, thou man of God, do not lie unto thy handmaid.
4:17 And the woman conceived, and bare a son at that season, when the time came round, as Elisha had said unto her.
4:18 And when the child was grown, it fell on a day, that he went out to his father to the reapers.
4:19 And he said unto his father, My head, my head. And he said to his servant, Carry him to his mother.
4:20 And when he had taken him, and brought him to his mother, he sat on her knees till noon, and then died.
4:21 And she went up and laid him on the bed of the man of God, and shut the door upon him, and went out.
4:22 And she called unto her husband, and said, Send me, I pray thee, one of the servants, and one of the asses, that I may run to the man of God, and come again.
4:23 And he said, Wherefore wilt thou go to him today? it is neither new moon nor sabbath. And she said, 23It shall be well.
23Hb. Shalom. or, Peace. And in vs. 26 (4 times).4:24 Then she saddled an ass, and said to her servant, Drive, and go forward; slacken me not the riding, except I bid thee.
4:25 So she went, and came unto the man of God to mount Carmel. And it came to pass, when the man of God saw her afar off, that he said to Gehazi his servant, Behold, yonder is the Shunammite:
4:26 run, I pray thee, now to meet her, and say unto her, Is it well with thee: is it well with thy husband? is it well with the child? And she answered, It is well.
4:27 And when she came to the man of God to the hill, she caught hold of his feet. And Gehazi came near to thrust her away; but the man of God said, Let her alone: for her soul is 24vexed within her; and Jehovah hath hid it from me, and hath not told me.
24Hb. bitter4:28 Then she said, Did I desire a son of my lord? did I not say, Do not deceive me?
4:29 Then he said to Gehazi, Gird up thy loins, and take my staff in thy hand, and go thy way: if thou meet any man, salute him not; and if any salute thee, answer him not again: and lay my staff upon the face of the child.
4:30 And the mother of the child said, As Jehovah liveth, and as thy soul liveth, I will not leave thee. And he arose, and followed her.
4:31 And Gehazi passed on before them, and laid the staff upon the face of the child; but there was neither voice, nor 25hearing. Wherefore he returned to meet him, and told him, saying, The child is not awaked.
25Hb. attention.4:32 And when Elisha was come into the house, behold, the child was dead, and laid upon his bed.
4:33 He went in therefore, and shut the door upon them twain, and prayed unto Jehovah.
4:34 And he went up, and lay upon the child, and put his mouth upon his mouth, and his eyes upon his eyes, and his hands upon his hands: and he 26stretched himself upon him; and the flesh of the child waxed warm.
26Or, bowed himself upon him; Also in vs. 35.4:35 Then he returned, and walked in the house once to and fro; and went up, and stretched himself upon him: 27and the child sneezed seven times, and the child opened his eyes.
27Or, and embraced the child seven times,4:36 And he called Gehazi, and said, Call this Shunammite. So he called her. And when she was come in unto him, he said, Take up thy son.
4:37 Then she went in, and fell at his feet, and bowed herself to the ground; and she took up her son, and went out.
4:38 And Elisha came again to Gilgal: and there was a dearth in the land; and the sons of the prophets were sitting before him; and he said unto his servant, Set on the great pot, and boil pottage for the sons of the prophets.
4:39 And one went out into the field to gather herbs, and found a wild vine, and gathered thereof wild gourds his lap full, and came and shred them into the pot of pottage; for they knew them not.
4:40 So they poured out for the men to eat. And it came to pass, as they were eating of the pottage, that they cried out, and said, O man of God, there is death in the pot. And they could not eat thereof.
4:41 But he said, Then bring meal. And he cast it into the pot; and he said, Pour out for the people, that they may eat. And there was no 28harm in the pot.
28Hb. evil thing in the pot.4:42 And there came a man from Baal-shalishah, and brought the man of God bread of the firstfruits, twenty loaves of barley, and fresh ears of grain in 29his sack. And he said, Give unto the people, that they may eat.
29Or, the husk thereof.4:43 And his 30servant said, What, should I set this before a hundred men? But he said, Give the people, that they may eat; for thus saith Jehovah, They shall eat, and shall leave thereof.
30Or, minister4:44 So he set it before them, and they did eat, and left thereof, according to the word of Jehovah.
5:1 Now Naaman, captain of the host of the king of Syria, was a great man 31with his master, and honorable, because by him Jehovah had given 32victory unto Syria: he was also a mighty man of valor, but he was a leper.
31Hb. before5:2 And the Syrians had gone out in bands, and had brought away captive out of the land of Israel a little maiden; and she 33waited on Naaman’s wife.
33Hb. was before Naaman’s wife.5:3 And she said unto her mistress, Would that my lord were with the prophet that is in Samaria! then would he recover him of his leprosy.
5:4 And 34one went in, and told his lord, saying, Thus and thus said the maiden that is of the land of Israel.
34Or, he5:5 And the king of Syria said, Go now, and I will send a letter unto the king of Israel. And he departed, and took with him 35ten talents of silver, and six thousand 36pieces of gold, and ten changes of raiment.
35That is, 350 kg of silver, or, 770 pounds.5:6 And he brought the letter to the king of Israel, saying, And now when this letter is come unto thee, behold, I have sent Naaman my servant to thee, that thou mayest recover him of his leprosy.
36Or, shekels (6,000 shekels = 70 kg.)
5:7 And it came to pass, when the king of Israel had read the letter, that he rent his clothes, and said, Am I God, to kill and to make alive, that this man doth send unto me to recover a man of his leprosy? but consider, I pray you, and see how he seeketh 37a quarrel against me.
37Or, an occasion against me.5:8 And it was so, when Elisha the man of God heard that the king of Israel had rent his clothes, that he sent to the king, saying, Wherefore hast thou rent thy clothes? let him come now to me, and he shall know that there is a prophet in Israel.
5:9 So Naaman came with his horses and with his chariots, and stood at the door of the house of Elisha.
5:10 And Elisha sent a messenger unto him, saying, Go and wash in the Jordan seven times, and thy flesh shall come again to thee, and thou shalt be clean.
5:11 But Naaman was wroth, and went away, and said, Behold, I thought, He will surely come out to me, and stand, and call on the name of Jehovah his God, and wave his hand over the place, and recover the leper.
5:12 Are not 38Abanah and Pharpar, the rivers of Damascus, better than all the waters of Israel? may I not wash in them, and be clean? So he turned and went away in a rage.
38Some mss. Hbmg read, Amanah Cf. Song of Sol. 4:8.5:13 And his servants came near, and spake unto him, and said, My father, if the prophet had bid thee do some great thing, wouldest thou not have done it? how much rather then, when he saith to thee, Wash, and be clean?
5:14 Then went he down, and dipped himself seven times in the Jordan, according to the saying of the man of God; and his flesh came again like unto the flesh of a little child, and he was clean.
5:15 And he returned to the man of God, he and all his company, and came, and stood before him; and he said, Behold now, I know that there is no God in all the earth, but in Israel: now therefore, I pray thee, take a 39present of thy servant.
39Hb. blessing5:16 But he said, As Jehovah liveth, before whom I stand, I will receive none. And he urged him to take it; but he refused.
5:17 And Naaman said, If not, yet, I pray thee, let there be given to thy servant two mules’ burden of earth; for thy servant will henceforth offer neither burnt-offering nor sacrifice unto other gods, but unto Jehovah.
5:18 In this thing Jehovah pardon thy servant: when my master goeth into the house of Rimmon to worship there, and he leaneth on my hand, and I bow myself in the house of Rimmon, when I bow myself in the house of Rimmon, Jehovah pardon thy servant in this thing.
5:19 And he said unto him, Go in peace. So he departed from him 40a little way.
40Or, some distance. Sept. a horse (chariot) racecourse.5:20 But Gehazi, the servant of Elisha the man of God, said, Behold, my master hath spared this Naaman the Syrian, in not receiving at his hands that which he brought: as Jehovah liveth, I will run after him, and take somewhat of him.
5:21 So Gehazi followed after Naaman. And when Naaman saw one running after him, he alighted from the chariot to meet him, and said, Is all well?
5:22 And he said, All is well. My master hath sent me, saying, Behold, even now there are come to me from the hill-country of Ephraim two young men of the sons of the prophets; give them, I pray thee, a talent of silver, and two changes of raiment.
5:23 And Naaman said, Be pleased to take two talents. And he urged him, and bound two talents of silver in two bags, with two changes of raiment, and laid them upon two of his servants; and they bare them before him.
5:24 And when he came to the 41hill, he took them from their hand, and bestowed them in the house; and he let the men go, and they departed.
41Hb. Ophel,5:25 But he went in, and stood before his master. And Elisha said unto him, Whence comest thou, Gehazi? And he said, Thy servant went no whither.
5:26 And he said unto him, 42Went not my heart with thee, when the man turned from his chariot to meet thee? Is it a time to receive money, and to receive garments, and oliveyards and vineyards, and sheep and oxen, and men-servants and maid-servants?
42Or, My heart went not from me, when etc.5:27 The leprosy therefore of Naaman shall cleave unto thee, and unto thy seed for ever. And he went out from his presence a leper as white as snow.
6:1 And the sons of the prophets said unto Elisha, Behold now, the place where we dwell before thee is too strait for us.
6:2 Let us go, we pray thee, unto the Jordan, and take thence every man a beam, and let us make us a place there, where we may dwell. And he answered, Go ye.
6:3 And one said, Be pleased, I pray thee, to go with thy servants. And he answered, I will go.
6:4 So he went with them. And when they came to the Jordan, they cut down wood.
6:5 But as one was felling a beam, the axe-head fell into the water; and he cried, and said, Alas, my master! for it was borrowed.
6:6 And the man of God said, Where fell it? And he showed him the place. And he cut down a stick, and cast it in thither, 43and made the axe-head to swim.
43Or, and brought the iron to the surface.6:7 And he said, Take it up to thee. So he put out his hand, and took it.
6:8 Now the king of Syria was warring against Israel; and he took counsel with his servants, saying, In such and such a place shall be my 44camp.
44Or, encamping.6:9 And the man of God sent unto the king of Israel, saying, Beware that thou pass not such a place; for thither the Syrians are coming down.
6:10 And the king of Israel sent to the place which the man of God told him and warned him of; and he saved himself there, not once nor twice.
6:11 And the heart of the king of Syria was sore troubled for this thing; and he called his servants, and said unto them, Will ye not show me which of us is for the king of Israel?
6:12 And one of his servants said, No, my lord, O king; but Elisha, the prophet that is in Israel, telleth the king of Israel the words that thou speakest in thy bedchamber.
6:13 And he said, Go and see where he is, that I may send and fetch him. And it was told him, saying, Behold, he is in Dothan.
6:14 Therefore sent he thither horses, and chariots, and a great host: and they came by night, and compassed the city about.
6:15 And when the servant of the man of God was risen early, and gone forth, behold, a host with horses and chariots was round about the city. And his servant said unto him, Alas, my master! how shall we do?
6:16 And he answered, Fear not; for they that are with us are more than they that are with them.
6:17 And Elisha prayed, and said, Jehovah, I pray thee, open his eyes, that he may see. And Jehovah opened the eyes of the young man; and he saw: and, behold, the mountain was full of horses and chariots of fire round about Elisha.
6:18 And when they came down to him, Elisha prayed unto Jehovah, and said, Smite this 45people, I pray thee, with blindness. And he smote them with blindness according to the word of Elisha.
45Hb. nation6:19 And Elisha said unto them, This is not the way, neither is this the city: follow me, and I will bring you to the man whom ye seek. And he led them to Samaria.
6:20 And it came to pass, when they were come into Samaria, that Elisha said, Jehovah, open the eyes of these men, that they may see. And Jehovah opened their eyes, and they saw; and, behold, they were in the midst of Samaria.
6:21 And the king of Israel said unto Elisha, when he saw them, My father, shall I smite them? shall I smite them?
6:22 And he answered, Thou shalt not smite them: wouldest thou smite those whom thou hast taken captive with thy sword and with thy bow? set bread and water before them, that they may eat and drink, and go to their master.
6:23 And he prepared great provision for them; and when they had eaten and drunk, he sent them away, and they went to their master. And the bands of Syria came no more into the land of Israel.
6:24 And it came to pass after this, that Ben-hadad king of Syria gathered all his host, and went up, and besieged Samaria.
6:25 And there was a great famine in Samaria: and, behold, they besieged it, until an ass’s head was sold for 46eighty 47pieces of silver, and the fourth part of a kab of dove’s dung for five pieces of silver.
4680 shekels = 925 gm, or about 2 pounds.6:26 And as the king of Israel was passing by upon the wall, there cried a woman unto him, saying, Help, my lord, O king.
47Or, shekels (both times)
6:27 And he said, 48If Jehovah do not help thee, whence shall I help thee? out of the threshing-floor, or out of the winepress?
48Or, No, let Jehovah help thee!6:28 And the king said unto her, What aileth thee? And she answered, This woman said unto me, Give thy son, that we may eat him today, and we will eat my son tomorrow.
6:29 So we boiled my son, and did eat him: and I said unto her on the next day, Give thy son, that we may eat him; and she hath hid her son.
6:30 And it came to pass, when the king heard the words of the woman, that he rent his clothes; (now he was passing by upon the wall;) and the people looked, and, behold, he had sackcloth within upon his flesh.
6:31 Then he said, God do so to me, and more also, if the head of Elisha the son of Shaphat shall stand on him this day.
6:32 But Elisha was sitting in his house, and the elders were sitting with him; and the king sent a man from before him: but ere the messenger came to him, he said to the elders, See ye how this son of a murderer hath sent to take away my head? look, when the messenger cometh, shut the door, and 49hold the door fast against him: is not the sound of his master’s feet behind him?
49Hb. thrust him back with the door:6:33 And while he was yet talking with them, behold, the messenger came down unto him: and he said, Behold, this evil is of Jehovah; why should I wait for Jehovah any longer?
7:1 And Elisha said, Hear ye the word of Jehovah: thus saith Jehovah, Tomorrow about this time shall a 50measure of fine flour be sold for a 51shekel, and two measures of barley for a shekel, in the gate of Samaria.
50Hb. seah About 7.3 litre.7:2 Then the captain on whose hand the king leaned answered the man of God, and said, Behold, if Jehovah should make windows in heaven, might this thing be? And he said, Behold, thou shalt see it with thine eyes, but shalt not eat thereof.
511 shekel is about 11.6 gm, or 0.4 ounce.
7:3 Now there were four leprous men at the entrance of the gate: and they said one to another, Why sit we here until we die?
7:4 If we say, We will enter into the city, then the famine is in the city, and we shall die there; and if we sit still here, we die also. Now therefore come, and let us fall unto the host of the Syrians: if they save us alive, we shall live; and if they kill us, we shall but die.
7:5 And they rose up in the twilight, to go unto the camp of the Syrians; and when they were come to the outermost part of the camp of the Syrians, behold, there was no man there.
7:6 For 52Jehovah had made the host of the Syrians to hear a noise of chariots, and a noise of horses, even the noise of a great host: and they said one to another, Lo, the king of Israel hath hired against us the kings of the Hittites, and the kings of the Egyptians, to come upon us.
52Sopherim changed to the Lord7:7 Wherefore they arose and fled in the twilight, and left their tents, and their horses, and their asses, even the camp as it was, and fled for their souls.
7:8 And when these lepers came to the outermost part of the camp, they went into one tent, and did eat and drink, and carried thence silver, and gold, and raiment, and went and hid it; and they came back, and entered into another tent, and carried thence also, and went and hid it.
7:9 Then they said one to another, We do not well; this day is a day of good tidings, and we hold our peace: if we tarry till the morning light, 53punishment will overtake us; now therefore come, let us go and tell the king’s household.
53Or, our iniquity will find us out;7:10 So they came and called unto the 54porter of the city; and they told them, saying, We came to the camp of the Syrians, and, behold, there was no man there, neither voice of man, but the horses tied, and the asses tied, and the tents as they were.
54Or possibly, porters7:11 And 55he called the porters; and they told it to the king’s household within.
55Or, the porters called;7:12 And the king arose in the night, and said unto his servants, I will now show you what the Syrians have done to us. They know that we are hungry; therefore are they gone out of the camp to hide themselves in the field, saying, When they come out of the city, we shall take them alive, and get into the city.
7:13 And one of his servants answered and said, Let some take, I pray thee, five of the horses that remain, which are left 56in the city, (behold, they are as all the multitude of Israel that are left in it; behold, they are as all the multitude of Israel that are consumed:) and let us send and see.
56Hb. in it,7:14 They took therefore two chariots with horses; and the king sent after the host of the Syrians, saying, Go and see.
7:15 And they went after them unto the Jordan: and, lo, all the way was full of garments and vessels, which the Syrians had cast away in their haste. And the messengers returned, and told the king.
7:16 And the people went out, and plundered the camp of the Syrians. So a measure of fine flour was sold for a shekel, and two measures of barley for a shekel, according to the word of Jehovah.
7:17 And the king appointed the captain on whose hand he leaned to have the charge of the gate: and the people trod upon him in the gate, and he died as the man of God had said, who spake when the king came down to him.
7:18 And it came to pass, as the man of God had spoken to the king, saying, Two measures of barley for a shekel, and a measure of fine flour for a shekel, shall be tomorrow about this time in the gate of Samaria;
7:19 and that captain answered the man of God, and said, Now, behold, if Jehovah should make windows in heaven, might such a thing be? and he said, Behold, thou shalt see it with thine eyes, but shalt not eat thereof:
7:20 it came to pass even so unto him; for the people trod upon him in the gate, and he died.
8:1 Now Elisha had spoken unto the woman, whose son he had restored to life, saying, Arise, and go thou and thy household, and sojourn wheresoever thou canst sojourn: for Jehovah hath called for a famine; and it shall also come upon the land seven years.
8:2 And the woman arose, and did according to the word of the man of God; and she went with her household, and sojourned in the land of the Philistines seven years.
8:3 And it came to pass at the seven years’ end, that the woman returned out of the land of the Philistines: and she went forth to cry unto the king for her house and for her land.
8:4 Now the king was talking with Gehazi the servant of the man of God, saying, Tell me, I pray thee, all the great things that Elisha hath done.
8:5 And it came to pass, as he was telling the king how he had restored to life him that was dead, that, behold, the woman, whose son he had restored to life, cried to the king for her house and for her land. And Gehazi said, My lord, O king, this is the woman, and this is her son, whom Elisha restored to life.
8:6 And when the king asked the woman, she told him. So the king appointed unto her a certain 57officer, saying, Restore all that was hers, and all the fruits of the field since the day that she left the land, even until now.
57Or, eunuch,8:7 And Elisha came to Damascus; and Ben-hadad the king of Syria was sick; and it was told him, saying, The man of God is come hither.
8:8 And the king said unto Hazael, Take a present in thy hand, and go, meet the man of God, and inquire of Jehovah by him, saying, Shall I recover of this sickness?
8:9 So Hazael went to meet him, and took a present 58with him, 59even of every good thing of Damascus, forty camels’ burden, and came and stood before him, and said, Thy son Ben-hadad king of Syria hath sent me to thee, saying, Shall I recover of this sickness?
58Hb. in his hand,8:10 And Elisha said unto him, Go, 60say unto him, Thou shalt surely recover; howbeit Jehovah hath showed me that he shall surely die.
60Hbtxt alone reads, say, Thou shalt surely not recover; for Jehovah hath showed me that he shall surely die.8:11 And he settled his countenance stedfastly upon him, until he was ashamed: and the man of God wept.
8:12 And Hazael said, Why weepeth my lord? And he answered, Because I know the evil that thou wilt do unto the children of Israel: their strongholds wilt thou set on fire, and their young men wilt thou slay with the sword, and wilt dash in pieces their little ones, and rip up their women with child.
8:13 And Hazael said, But what is thy servant, who is but a dog, that he should do this great thing? And Elisha answered, Jehovah hath showed me that thou shalt be king over Syria.
8:14 Then he departed from Elisha, and came to his master; who said to him, What said Elisha to thee? And he answered, He told me that thou wouldest surely recover.
8:15 And it came to pass on the morrow, that he took the coverlet, and dipped it in water, and spread it on his face, so that he died: and Hazael reigned in his stead.
8:16 And in the fifth year of Joram the son of Ahab king of Israel, Jehoshaphat being then king of Judah, Jehoram the son of Jehoshaphat king of Judah began to reign.
8:17 Thirty-two years old was he when he began to reign; and he reigned eight years in Jerusalem.
8:18 And he walked in the way of the kings of Israel, as did the house of Ahab: for he had the daughter of Ahab to wife; and he did that which was evil in the sight of Jehovah.
8:19 Howbeit Jehovah would not destroy Judah, for David his servant’s sake, as he promised him to give unto him a lamp 61for his children alway.
61Some mss. Aram., Vg. read, and to his children alway.8:20 In his days Edom revolted from under the hand of Judah, and made a king over themselves.
8:21 Then Joram passed over to Zair, and all his chariots with him: and he rose up by night, and smote the Edomites that compassed him about, and the captains of the chariots; and the people fled to their tents.
8:22 So Edom revolted from under the hand of Judah unto this day. Then did Libnah revolt at the same time.
8:23 And the rest of the acts of Joram, and all that he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?
8:24 And Joram slept with his fathers, and was buried with his fathers in the city of David; and Ahaziah his son reigned in his stead.
8:25 In the twelfth year of Joram the son of Ahab king of Israel did Ahaziah the son of Jehoram king of Judah begin to reign.
8:26 Twenty-two years old was Ahaziah when he began to reign; and he reigned one year in Jerusalem. And his mother’s name was Athaliah the 62daughter of Omri king of Israel.
62Or, granddaughter See vs. 18.8:27 And he walked in the way of the house of Ahab, and did that which was evil in the sight of Jehovah, as did the house of Ahab; for he was 63the son-in-law of the house of Ahab.
63Or, descended from the son-in-law etc.8:28 And he went with Joram the son of Ahab to war against Hazael king of Syria at Ramoth-gilead: and the Syrians wounded Joram.
8:29 And king Joram returned to be healed in Jezreel of the wounds which the Syrians had given him at Ramah, when he fought against Hazael king of Syria. And Ahaziah the son of Jehoram king of Judah went down to see Joram the son of Ahab in Jezreel, because he was sick.
9:1 And Elisha the prophet called one of the sons of the prophets, and said unto him, Gird up thy loins, and take this vial of oil in thy hand, and go to Ramoth-gilead.
9:2 And when thou comest thither, look out there Jehu the son of Jehoshaphat the son of Nimshi, and go in, and make him arise up from among his brethren, and carry him to an inner chamber.
9:3 then take the vial of oil, and pour it on his head, and say, Thus saith Jehovah, I have anointed thee king over Israel. Then open the door, and flee, and tarry not.
9:4 So the young man, even the young man the prophet, went to Ramoth-gilead.
9:5 And when he came, behold, the captains of the host were sitting; and he said, I have an errand to thee, O captain. And Jehu said, Unto which of us all? And he said, To thee, O captain.
9:6 And he arose, and went into the house; and he poured the oil on his head, and said unto him, Thus saith Jehovah, the God of Israel, I have anointed thee king over the people of Jehovah, even over Israel.
9:7 And thou shalt smite the house of Ahab thy master, that I may avenge the blood of my servants the prophets, and the blood of all the servants of Jehovah, at the hand of Jezebel.
9:8 For the whole house of Ahab shall perish; and I will cut off from Ahab every man-child, and him that is shut up and him that is left at large in Israel.
9:9 And I will make the house of Ahab like the house of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, and like the house of Baasha the son of Ahijah.
9:10 And the dogs shall eat Jezebel in the portion of Jezreel, and there shall be none to bury her. And he opened the door, and fled.
9:11 Then Jehu came forth to the servants of his lord: and one said unto him, Is all well? wherefore came this mad fellow to thee? And he said unto them, Ye know the man and what his talk was.
9:12 And they said, It is false; tell us now. And he said, Thus and thus spake he to me, saying, Thus saith Jehovah, I have anointed thee king over Israel.
9:13 Then they hasted, and took every man his garment, and put it under him 64on the top of the stairs, and blew the trumpet, saying, Jehu is king.
64Or, on the bare steps,9:14 So Jehu the son of Jehoshaphat the son of Nimshi conspired against Joram. (Now Joram was keeping Ramoth-gilead, he and all Israel, because of Hazael king of Syria;
9:15 but king 65Joram was returned to be healed in Jezreel of the wounds which the Syrians had given him, when he fought with Hazael king of Syria.) And Jehu said, If this be your souls, then let none escape and go forth out of the city, to go to tell it in Jezreel.
65Hb. Jehoram Also in vss. 17, 21, 22, 23, 24.9:16 So Jehu rode in a chariot, and went to Jezreel; for Joram lay there. And Ahaziah king of Judah was come down to see Joram.
9:17 Now the watchman was standing on the tower in Jezreel, and he spied the company of Jehu as he came, and said, I see a company. And Joram said, Take a horseman, and send to meet them, and let him say, 66Is it peace?
66Or, Is all well?9:18 So there went one on horseback to meet him, and said, Thus saith the king, Is it peace? And Jehu said, What hast thou to do with peace? turn thee behind me. And the watchman told, saying, The messenger came to them, but he cometh not back.
9:19 Then he sent out a second on horseback, who came to them, and said, Thus saith the king, Is it peace? And Jehu answered, What hast thou to do with peace? turn thee behind me.
9:20 And the watchman told, saying, He came even unto them, and cometh not back: and the driving is like the driving of Jehu the grandson of Nimshi; for he driveth furiously.
9:21 And Joram said, 67Make ready. And they made ready his chariot. And Joram king of Israel and Ahaziah king of Judah went out, each in his chariot, and they went out to meet Jehu, and found him in the portion of Naboth the Jezreelite.
67Or, Yoke the horse(s) to the chariot.9:22 And it came to pass, when Joram saw Jehu, that he said, Is it peace, Jehu? And he answered, What peace, so long as the whoredoms of thy mother Jezebel and her witchcrafts are so many?
9:23 And Joram turned his hands, and fled, and said to Ahaziah, There is treachery, O Ahaziah.
9:24 And Jehu 68drew his bow with his full strength, and smote Joram between his arms; and the arrow went out at his heart, and he sunk down in his chariot.
68Hb. filled his hand with the bow,9:25 Then said Jehu to Bidkar his captain, Take up, and cast him in the portion of the field of Naboth the Jezreelite; for remember how that, when I and thou rode together after Ahab his father, Jehovah 69laid this burden upon him:
69Or, uttered this oracle (or, word) against him:9:26 Surely I have seen yesterday the blood of Naboth, and the blood of his sons, saith Jehovah; and I will requite thee in this 70plot, saith Jehovah. Now therefore take and cast him into the plot of ground, according to the word of Jehovah.
70Or, portion,9:27 But when Ahaziah the king of Judah saw this, he fled by the way of the garden-house. And Jehu followed after him, and said, Smite him also in the chariot: and they smote him at the ascent of Gur, which is by Ibleam. And he fled to Megiddo, and died there.
9:28 And his servants carried him in a chariot to Jerusalem, and buried him in his sepulchre with his fathers in the city of David.
9:29 And in the eleventh year of Joram the son of Ahab began Ahaziah to reign over Judah.
9:30 And when Jehu was come to Jezreel, Jezebel heard of it; and she painted her eyes, and attired her head, and looked out at the window.
9:31 And as Jehu entered in at the gate, she said, 71Is it peace, thou Zimri, thy master’s murderer?
71Or, Is it well, etc. or, Was there peace for Zimri,9:32 And he lifted up his face to the window, and said, Who is on my side? who? And there looked out to him two or three eunuchs.
9:33 And he said, Throw her down. So they threw her down; and some of her blood was sprinkled on the wall, and on the horses: and he trod her under foot.
9:34 And when he was come in, he did eat and drink; and he said, See now to this cursed woman, and bury her; for she is a king’s daughter.
9:35 And they went to bury her; but they found no more of her than the skull, and the feet, and the palms of her hands.
9:36 Wherefore they came back, and told him. And he said, This is the word of Jehovah, which he spake by his servant Elijah the Tishbite, saying, In the portion of Jezreel shall the dogs eat the flesh of Jezebel;
9:37 and the body of Jezebel shall be as dung upon the face of the field in the portion of Jezreel, so that they shall not say, This is Jezebel.
10:1 Now Ahab had seventy sons in Samaria. And Jehu wrote letters, and sent to Samaria, unto the rulers of Jezreel, even the elders, and unto them that brought up the sons of Ahab, saying,
10:2 And now as soon as this letter cometh to you, seeing your master’s sons are with you, and there are with you chariots and horses, a fortified city also, and armor;
10:3 look ye out the best and meetest of your master’s sons, and set him on his father’s throne, and fight for your master’s house.
10:4 But they were exceedingly afraid, and said, Behold, the two kings stood not before him: how then shall we stand?
10:5 And he that was in charge of the house, and he that was over the city, the elders also, and they that brought up the children, sent to Jehu, saying, We are thy servants, and will do all that thou shalt bid us; we will not make any man king: do thou that which is good in thine eyes.
10:6 Then he wrote a letter a second time to them, saying, If ye be on my side, and if ye will hearken unto my voice, take ye the heads of the men your master’s sons, and come to me to Jezreel by tomorrow this time. Now the king’s sons, being seventy persons, were with the great men of the city, who brought them up.
10:7 And it came to pass, when the letter came to them that they took the king’s sons, and slew them, even seventy persons, and put their heads in baskets, and sent them unto him to Jezreel.
10:8 And there came a messenger, and told him, saying, They have brought the heads of the king’s sons. And he said, Lay ye them in two heaps at the entrance of the gate until the morning.
10:9 And it came to pass in the morning, that he went out, and stood, and said to all the people, Ye are righteous: behold, I conspired against my master, and slew him; but who smote all these?
10:10 Know now that there shall fall unto the earth nothing of the word of Jehovah, which Jehovah spake concerning the house of Ahab: for Jehovah hath done that which he spake by his servant Elijah.
10:11 So Jehu smote all that remained of the house of Ahab in Jezreel, and all his great men, and his familiar friends, and his priests, until he left him none remaining.
10:12 And he arose and departed, and went to Samaria. And as he was at the 72shearing-house of the shepherds in the way,
72Or, house of gathering Also in vs. 14.10:13 Jehu met with the brethren of Ahaziah king of Judah, and said, Who are ye? And they answered, We are the brethren of Ahaziah: and we go down to salute the children of the king and the children of the queen.
10:14 And he said, Take them alive. And they took them alive, and slew them at the 73pit of the shearing house, even forty-two men; neither left he any of them.
73Or, cistern Ahaziah descended from Ahab’s sister.10:15 And when he was departed thence, he lighted on Jehonadab the 74son of Rechab coming to meet him; and he saluted him, and said to him, Is thy heart right, as my heart is with thy heart? And Jehonadab answered, It is. If it be, give me thy hand. And he gave him his hand; and he took him up to him into the chariot.
74Of the house of scribes of the Law. See 1Chr 2:55.10:16 And he said, Come with me, and see my zeal for Jehovah. So they made him ride in his chariot.
10:17 And when he came to Samaria, he smote all that remained unto Ahab in Samaria, till he had destroyed him, according to the word of Jehovah, which he spake to Elijah.
10:18 And Jehu gathered all the people together, and said unto them, Ahab served Baal a little; but Jehu will serve him much.
10:19 Now therefore call unto me all the prophets of Baal, all his worshippers, and all his priests; let none be wanting: for I have a great sacrifice to do to Baal; whosoever shall be wanting, he shall not live. But Jehu did it in subtlety, to the intent that he might destroy the worshippers of Baal.
10:20 And Jehu said, Sanctify a solemn assembly for Baal. And they proclaimed it.
10:21 And Jehu sent through all Israel: and all the worshippers of Baal came, so that there was not a man left that came not. And they came into the house of Baal; and the house of Baal was filled from one end to another.
10:22 And he said unto him that was over the vestry, Bring forth vestments for all the worshippers of Baal. And he brought them forth the vestments.
10:23 And Jehu went, and Jehonadab the son of Rechab, into the house of Baal; and he said unto the worshippers of Baal, Search, and look that there be here with you none of the servants of Jehovah, but the worshippers of Baal only.
10:24 And they went in to offer sacrifices and burnt-offerings. Now Jehu had appointed him eighty men without, and said, If any of the men whom I bring into your hands escape, he that letteth him go, his soul shall be for the soul of him.
10:25 And it came to pass, as soon as he had made an end of offering the burnt-offering, that Jehu said to the 75guard and to the captains, Go in, and slay them; let none come forth. And they smote them with the edge of the sword; and the guard and the captains cast them out, and went to the city of the house of Baal.
75Hb. runners10:26 And they brought forth the 76pillars that were in the house of Baal, and burned them.
76Or, obelisks10:27 And they brake down the pillar of Baal, and brake down the house of Baal, and made it a draught-house, unto this day.
10:28 Thus Jehu destroyed Baal out of Israel.
10:29 Howbeit from the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, 77wherewith he made Israel to sin, Jehu departed not from after them, to wit, the golden calves that were in Beth-el, and that were in Dan.
77Or, who10:30 And Jehovah said unto Jehu, Because thou hast 78done well in executing that which is right in mine eyes, and hast done unto the house of Ahab according to all that was in my heart, thy sons of the fourth generation shall sit on the throne of Israel.
78Or, executed well that which is right10:31 But Jehu took no heed to walk in the law of Jehovah, the God of Israel, with all his heart: he departed not from the sins of Jeroboam, wherewith he made Israel to sin.
10:32 In those days Jehovah began to cut off from Israel: and 79Hazael smote them in all the borders of Israel;
79In turn, Shalmaneser III of Assyria claims in his 18th year (1st years of Jehu and Athaliah) to have defeated Hazael of Damascus, killing 16,000 soldiers, while taking 1,121 chariots and 470 riding horses, but the siege of Damascus apparently failed. Shalmaneser also claims, The tribute of Jehu, son [successor] of Omri; I received from him silver, gold, a golden saplu-bowl, a golden vase with pointed bottom, golden tumblers, golden buckets, tin, a staff for a king and wooden purukhtu. [ANET, p. 281.]10:33 from the Jordan eastward, all the land of Gilead, the Gadites, and the Reubenites, and the Manassites, from Aroer, which is by the valley of the Arnon, even Gilead and Bashan.
10:34 Now the rest of the acts of Jehu, and all that he did, and all his might, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel?
10:35 And Jehu slept with his fathers; and they buried him in Samaria. And Jehoahaz his son reigned in his stead.
10:36 And the time that Jehu reigned over Israel in Samaria was twenty-eight years.
11:1 Now when Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah saw that her son was dead, she arose and destroyed all the seed royal.
11:2 But Jehosheba, the daughter of king Joram, sister of Ahaziah, took Joash the son of Ahaziah, and stole him away from among the king’s sons that were to be slain, even him and his nurse, 80and put them in the 81bedchamber; and they hid him from Athaliah, so that he was not slain.
80Or, who were in the bedchamber;11:3 And he was with her hid in the house of Jehovah six years: and Athaliah reigned over the land.
81Or, chamber for the beds;
11:4 And in the seventh year Jehoiada sent and fetched the captains over hundreds, of the 82Carites and of the 83guard, and brought them to him into the house of Jehovah; and he made a covenant with them, and took an oath of them in the house of Jehovah, and showed them the king’s son.
82Or, executioners11:5 And he commanded them, saying, This is the thing that ye shall do: a third part of you, that come in on the sabbath, shall be keepers of the watch of the king’s house;
11:6 and a third part shall be at the gate Sur; and a third part at the gate behind the guard: so shall ye keep the watch of the house, and be a barrier.
11:7 And the two companies of you, even all that go forth on the sabbath, shall keep the watch of the house of Jehovah about the king.
11:8 And ye shall compass the king round about, every man with his weapons in his hand; and he that cometh within the ranks, let him be slain: and be ye with the king when he goeth out, and when he cometh in.
11:9 And the captains over hundreds did according to all that Jehoiada the priest commanded; and they took every man his men, those that were to come in on the sabbath, with those that were to go out on the sabbath, and came to Jehoiada the priest.
11:10 And the priest delivered to the captains over hundreds the spears and shields that had been king David’s, which were in the house of Jehovah.
11:11 And the guard stood, every man with his weapons in his hand, from the right 84side of the house to the left side of the house, along by the altar and the house, by the king round about.
84Hb. shoulder11:12 Then he brought out the king’s son, and 85put the crown upon him, and gave him the testimony; and they made him king, and anointed him; and they clapped their hands, and said, Long live the king.
85Or, put upon him the crown and the testimony;11:13 And when Athaliah heard the noise of the guard and of the people, she came to the people into the house of Jehovah:
11:14 and she looked, and, behold, the king stood 86by the pillar, as the manner was, and the captains and the trumpets by the king; and all the people of the land rejoiced, and blew trumpets. Then Athaliah rent her clothes, and cried, Treason! treason!
86Or, on the platform,11:15 And Jehoiada the priest commanded the captains of hundreds that were set over the host, and said unto them, Have her forth between the ranks; and him that followeth her slay with the sword: for the priest said, Let her not be slain in the house of Jehovah.
11:16 So they made way for her; and she went by the way of the horses’ entry to the king’s house: and there was she slain.
11:17 And Jehoiada made a covenant between Jehovah and the king and the people, that they should be Jehovah’s people; between the king also and the people.
11:18 And all the people of the land went to the house of Baal, and brake it down; his altars and his images brake they in pieces thoroughly, and slew Mattan the priest of Baal before the altars. And the priest appointed 87officers over the house of Jehovah.
87Hb. offices11:19 And he took the captains over hundreds, and the Carites, and the guard, and all the people of the land; and they brought down the king from the house of Jehovah, and came by the way of the gate of the guard unto the king’s house. And he sat on the throne of the kings.
11:20 So all the people of the land rejoiced, and the city was quiet. And Athaliah they had slain with the sword at the king’s house.
11:21 Jehoash was seven years old when he began to reign.
12:1 In the seventh year of Jehu began Jehoash to reign; and he reigned forty years in Jerusalem: and his mother’s name was Zibiah of Beer-sheba.
12:2 And Jehoash did that which was right in the eyes of Jehovah all his days wherein Jehoiada the priest instructed him.
12:3 Howbeit the high places were not taken away; the people still sacrificed and burnt incense in the high places.
12:4 And Jehoash said to the priests, All the money of the hallowed things that is brought into the house of Jehovah, 88in current money, 89the money of the persons for whom each man is rated, and all the money that it cometh into any man’s heart to bring into the house of Jehovah,
88Or, even the money of everyone that passeth the numbering, See Ex 30:13.12:5 let the priests take it to them, every man from his acquaintance; and they shall repair the breaches of the house, wheresoever any breach shall be found.
89Hb. each man the money of the souls of his estimation, See Lv 27:2.
12:6 But it was so, that in the twenty-third year of king Jehoash the priests had not repaired the breaches of the house.
12:7 Then king Jehoash called for Jehoiada the priest, and for the other priests, and said unto them, Why repair ye not the breaches of the house? now therefore take no more money from your acquaintance, but deliver it for the breaches of the house.
12:8 And the priests consented that they should take no more money from the people, neither repair the breaches of the house themselves.
12:9 But Jehoiada the priest took a chest, and bored a hole in the lid of it, and set it beside the altar, on the right side as one cometh into the house of Jehovah: and the priests that kept the threshold put therein all the money that was brought into the house of Jehovah.
12:10 And it was so, when they saw that there was much money in the chest, that the king’s 90scribe and the high priest came up, and they 91put up in bags and counted the money that was found in the house of Jehovah.
90Or, secretary12:11 And they gave the money that was weighed out into the hands of them that did the work, that had the oversight of the house of Jehovah: and they 92paid it out to the carpenters and the builders, that wrought upon the house of Jehovah,
91Hb. bound up and counted etc.
92Hb. brought it forth to the carpenters etc.12:12 and to the masons and the hewers of stone, and for buying timber and hewn stone to repair the breaches of the house of Jehovah, and for all that 93was laid out for the house to repair it.
93Hb. went forth for the house12:13 But there were not made for the house of Jehovah cups of silver, snuffers, basins, trumpets, any vessels of gold, or vessels of silver, of the money that was brought into the house of Jehovah;
12:14 for they gave that to them that did the work, and repaired therewith the house of Jehovah.
12:15 Moreover they reckoned not with the men, into whose hand they delivered the money to give to them that did the work; for they dealt faithfully.
12:16 The money for the trespass-offerings, and the money for the sin-offerings, was not brought into the house of Jehovah: it was the priests’.
12:17 Then Hazael king of Syria went up, and fought against Gath, and took it; and Hazael set his face to go up to Jerusalem.
12:18 And Jehoash king of Judah took all the sanctified things that Jehoshaphat and Jehoram and Ahaziah, his fathers, kings of Judah, had sanctified, and his own sanctified things, and all the gold that was found in the treasures of the house of Jehovah, and of the king’s house, and sent it to Hazael king of Syria: and he went away from Jerusalem.
12:19 Now the rest of the acts of Joash, and all that he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?
12:20 And his servants arose, and made a conspiracy, and smote Joash at the house of Millo, on the way that goeth down to Silla.
12:21 For Jozacar the son of Shimeath, and Jehozabad the son of Shomer, his servants, smote him, and he died; and they buried him with his fathers in the city of David: and Amaziah his son reigned in his stead.
13:1 In the twenty-third year of Joash the son of Ahaziah, king of Judah, Jehoahaz the son of Jehu began to reign over Israel in Samaria, and reigned seventeen years.
13:2 And he did that which was evil in the sight of Jehovah, and followed the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, wherewith he made Israel to sin; he departed not therefrom.
13:3 And 94the anger of Jehovah was kindled against Israel, and he delivered them into the hand of Hazael king of Syria, and into the hand of Ben-hadad the son of Hazael, 95continually.
94In the time of Jehoahaz and/or Jehoash, Adad-Nirari III of Assyria also claims to have put matHu-um-ri [country of Omri] to tribute.13:4 And Jehoahaz besought Jehovah, and Jehovah hearkened unto him; for he saw the oppression of Israel, how that the king of Syria oppressed them.
95Hb. all the days.
13:5 (And Jehovah gave Israel a saviour, so that they went out from under the hand of the Syrians; and the children of Israel dwelt in their tents as beforetime.
13:6 Nevertheless they departed not from the sins of the house of Jeroboam, wherewith he made Israel to sin, but 96walked therein: and there remained the Asherah also in Samaria.)
96Hb. he walked13:7 For he left not to Jehoahaz of the people save fifty horsemen, and ten chariots, and ten thousand footmen; for the king of Syria destroyed them, and made them like the dust 97in threshing.
97Or, to trample on.13:8 Now the rest of the acts of Jehoahaz, and all that he did, and his might, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel?
13:9 And Jehoahaz slept with his fathers; and they buried him in Samaria: and Joash his son reigned in his stead.
13:10 In the thirty-seventh year of Joash king of Judah began Jehoash the son of Jehoahaz to reign over Israel in Samaria, and reigned sixteen years.
13:11 And he did that which was evil in the sight of Jehovah; he departed not from all the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, wherewith he made Israel to sin; but he walked therein.
13:12 Now the rest of the acts of Joash, and all that he did, and his might wherewith he fought against Amaziah king of Judah, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel?
13:13 And Joash slept with his fathers; and Jeroboam sat upon his throne: and Joash was buried in Samaria with the kings of Israel.
13:14 Now Elisha was fallen sick of his sickness whereof he died: and Joash the king of Israel came down unto him, and wept over 98him, and said, My father, my father, the chariots of Israel and the horsemen thereof!
98Hb. his face,13:15 And Elisha said unto him, Take bow and arrows; and he took unto him bow and arrows.
13:16 And he said to the king of Israel, Put thy hand upon the bow; and he put his hand upon it. And Elisha laid his hands upon the king’s hands.
13:17 And he said, Open the window eastward; and he opened it. Then Elisha said, Shoot; and he shot. And he said, Jehovah’s arrow of 99victory, even the arrow of victory 100over Syria; for thou shalt smite the Syrians in Aphek, till thou have consumed them.
99Hb. salvation (both times)13:18 And he said, Take the arrows; and he took them. And he said unto the king of Israel, Smite upon the ground; and he smote thrice, and stayed.
13:19 And the man of God was wroth with him, and said, Thou shouldest have smitten five or six times: then hadst thou smitten Syria till thou hadst consumed it; whereas now thou shalt smite Syria but thrice.
13:20 And Elisha died, and they buried him. Now the bands of the Moabites invaded the land at the coming in of the year.
13:21 And it came to pass, as they were burying a man, that, behold, they spied a band; and they cast the man into the sepulchre of Elisha: and 101as soon as the man touched the bones of Elisha, he revived, and stood up on his feet.
101Hb. when the man went and touched the bones13:22 And Hazael king of Syria oppressed Israel all the days of Jehoahaz.
13:23 But Jehovah was gracious unto them, and had compassion on them, and had respect unto them, because of his covenant with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and would not destroy them, neither cast he them from his presence 102as yet.
102Hb. until now.13:24 And Hazael king of Syria died; and Ben-hadad his son reigned in his stead.
13:25 And Jehoash the son of Jehoahaz took again out of the hand of Ben-hadad the son of Hazael the cities which he had taken out of the hand of Jehoahaz his father by war. Three times did Joash smite him, and recovered the cities of Israel.
14:1 In the second year of Joash son of Joahaz king of Israel began Amaziah the son of Joash king of Judah to reign.
14:2 He was twenty-five years old when he began to reign; and he reigned twenty-nine years in Jerusalem: and his mother’s name was Jehoaddin of Jerusalem.
14:3 And he did that which was right in the eyes of Jehovah, yet not like David his father: he did according to all that Joash his father had done.
14:4 Howbeit the high places were not taken away: the people still sacrificed and burnt incense in the high places.
14:5 And it came to pass, as soon as the kingdom was established in his hand, that he slew his servants who had slain the king his father:
14:6 but the children of the murderers he put not to death; according to that which is written in the book of the law of Moses, as Jehovah commanded, saying, 103The fathers shall not be put to death for the children, nor the children be put to death for the fathers; but every man shall die for his own sin.
103Dt 24:16.14:7 He slew of Edom in the Valley of Salt ten thousand, and took 104Sela by war, and called the name of it Joktheel, unto this day.
104Or, the rock by war,14:8 Then Amaziah sent messengers to Jehoash, the son of Jehoahaz son of Jehu, king of Israel, saying, Come, let us look one another in the face.
14:9 And Jehoash the king of Israel sent to Amaziah king of Judah, saying, The 105thistle that was in Lebanon sent to the cedar that was in Lebanon, saying, Give thy daughter to my son to wife: and there passed by a wild beast that was in Lebanon, and trod down the thistle.
105Or, thorn (both times)14:10 Thou hast indeed smitten Edom, and thy heart hath lifted thee up: glory thereof, and abide at home; for why shouldest thou 106meddle to thy hurt, that thou shouldest fall, even thou, and Judah with thee?
106Or, provoke calamity to thy hurt,14:11 But Amaziah would not hear. So Jehoash king of Israel went up; and he and Amaziah king of Judah looked one another in the face at Beth-shemesh, which belongeth to Judah.
14:12 And Judah was put to the worse before Israel; and they fled every man to his tent.
14:13 And Jehoash king of Israel took Amaziah king of Judah, the son of Jehoash the son of Ahaziah, at Beth-shemesh, and came to Jerusalem, and brake down the wall of Jerusalem from the gate of Ephraim unto the corner gate, four hundred cubits.
14:14 And he took all the gold and silver, and all the vessels that were found in the house of Jehovah, and in the treasures of the king’s house, the hostages also, and returned to Samaria.
14:15 Now the rest of the acts of Jehoash which he did, and his might, and how he fought with Amaziah king of Judah, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel?
14:16 And Jehoash slept with his fathers, and was buried in Samaria with the kings of Israel; and Jeroboam his son reigned in his stead.
14:17 And Amaziah the son of Joash king of Judah lived after the death of Jehoash son of Jehoahaz king of Israel fifteen years.
14:18 Now the rest of the acts of Amaziah, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?
14:19 And they made a conspiracy against him in Jerusalem; and he fled to Lachish: but they sent after him to Lachish, and slew him there.
14:20 And they brought him upon horses; and he was buried at Jerusalem with his fathers in the city of David.
14:21 And all the people of Judah took 107Azariah, who was sixteen years old, and made him king instead of his father Amaziah.
107In ch. 15:13, and 2Chr 26:1, Uzziah14:22 He built 108Elath, and restored it to Judah, after that the king slept with his fathers.
108Evidence for the Judean building of Eilat includes an inscription there, “belonging to Jotham.”14:23 In the fifteenth year of Amaziah the son of Joash king of Judah began Jeroboam the son of Joash king of Israel to reign in Samaria, and reigned forty-one years.
14:24 And he did that which was evil in the sight of Jehovah: he departed not from all the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, wherewith he made Israel to sin.
14:25 He restored the border of Israel from the entrance of Hamath unto the sea of the Arabah, according to the word of Jehovah, the God of Israel, which he spake by his servant Jonah the son of Amittai, the prophet, who was of Gath-hepher.
14:26 For Jehovah saw the affliction of Israel, that it was very bitter; for there was none shut up nor left at large, neither was there any helper for Israel.
14:27 And Jehovah said not that he would blot out the name of Israel from under heaven; but he saved them by the hand of Jeroboam the son of Joash.
14:28 Now the rest of the acts of Jeroboam, and all that he did, and his might, how he warred, and how he recovered Damascus, and Hamath, which had belonged to Judah, for Israel, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel?
14:29 And Jeroboam slept with his fathers, even with the kings of Israel; and Zechariah his son reigned in his stead.
15:1 In the twenty-seventh year of Jeroboam king of Israel began 109Azariah son of Amaziah king of Judah to reign.
109In vss. 13, 30, etc., Uzziah15:2 Sixteen years old was he when he began to reign; and he reigned fifty-two years in Jerusalem: and his mother’s name was Jecoliah of Jerusalem.
15:3 And he did that which was right in the eyes of Jehovah, according to all that his father Amaziah had done.
15:4 Howbeit the high places were not taken away: the people still sacrificed and burnt incense in the high places.
15:5 And Jehovah smote the king, so that he was a leper unto the day of his death, and dwelt in 110a separate house. And Jotham the king’s son was over the household, judging the people of the land.
110Or, the infirmary.15:6 Now the rest of the acts of Azariah, and all that he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?
15:7 And Azariah slept with his fathers; and they buried him with his fathers in the city of David: and Jotham his son reigned in his stead.
15:8 In the thirty-eighth year of Azariah king of Judah did Zechariah the son of Jeroboam reign over Israel in Samaria six months.
15:9 And he did that which was evil in the sight of Jehovah, as his fathers had done: he departed not from the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, wherewith he made Israel to sin.
15:10 And Shallum the son of Jabesh conspired against him, and smote him before the people, and slew him, and reigned in his stead.
15:11 Now the rest of the acts of Zechariah, behold, they are written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel.
15:12 This was the word of Jehovah which he spake unto Jehu, saying, Thy sons to the fourth generation shall sit upon the throne of Israel. And so it came to pass.
15:13 Shallum the son of Jabesh began to reign in the thirty-ninth year of Uzziah king of Judah; and he reigned the space of a month in Samaria.
15:14 And Menahem the son of Gadi went up from Tirzah, and came to Samaria, and smote Shallum the son of Jabesh in Samaria, and slew him, and reigned in his stead.
15:15 Now the rest of the acts of Shallum, and his conspiracy which he made, behold, they are written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel.
15:16 Then Menahem smote Tiphsah, and all that were therein, and the borders thereof, from Tirzah: because they opened not to him, therefore he smote it; and all the women therein that were with child he ripped up.
15:17 In the thirty-ninth year of Azariah king of Judah began Menahem the son of Gadi to reign over Israel, and reigned ten years in Samaria.
15:18 And he did that which was evil in the sight of Jehovah: he departed not all his days from the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, wherewith he made Israel to sin.
15:19 There came against the land 111Pul the king of Assyria; and Menahem gave Pul a 112thousand talents of silver, that his hand might be with him to confirm the kingdom in his hand.
111Tiglath-Pileser III (Tukulti-apla-essara, meaning Tigris’ great lord; nickname Pulu) writes, I received tribute from...Menahem of Samaria... I returned him to his place [and imposed tribute upon him, to wit:] gold, silver, linen garments with multicolored trimmings, ... [I re]ceived from him. The house of Omri... all its inhabitants and their possessions I led to Assyria. They overthrew their king Pekah and I placed Hoshea as king over them. I received from them 10 talents of gold, 1,000(?) talents of silver as their [tri]bute and brought them to Assyria. [J.B. Pritchard, ANET; p. 282-284.]15:20 And Menahem exacted the money of Israel, even of all the mighty men of wealth, of each man 113fifty shekels of silver, to give to the king of Assyria. So the king of Assyria turned back, and stayed not there in the land.
1121,000 talents ≈ 35,000 kg = 77,000 pounds.
11350 shekels ≈ 580 gm, implying 60,000 mighty men.15:21 Now the rest of the acts of Menahem, and all that he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel?
15:22 And Menahem slept with his fathers; and Pekahiah his son reigned in his stead.
15:23 In the fiftieth year of Azariah king of Judah Pekahiah the son of Menahem began to reign over Israel in Samaria, and reigned two years.
15:24 And he did that which was evil in the sight of Jehovah: he departed not from the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, wherewith he made Israel to sin.
15:25 And Pekah the son of Remaliah, his captain, conspired against him, and smote him in Samaria, in the 114castle of the king’s house, with Argob and Arieh; and with him were fifty men of the Gileadites: and he slew him, and reigned in his stead.
114Or, palace15:26 Now the rest of the acts of Pekahiah, and all that he did, behold, they are written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel.
15:27 In the fifty-second year of Azariah king of Judah Pekah the son of Remaliah began to reign over Israel in Samaria, and reigned twenty years.
15:28 And he did that which was evil in the sight of Jehovah: he departed not from the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, wherewith he made Israel to sin.
15:29 In the days of Pekah king of Israel came Tiglath-pileser king of Assyria, and took Ijon, and Abel-beth-maacah, and Janoah, and Kedesh, and Hazor, and Gilead, and Galilee, all the land of Naphtali; and he carried them captive to Assyria.
15:30 And Hoshea the son of Elah made a conspiracy against Pekah the son of Remaliah, and smote him, and slew him, and reigned in his stead, in the twentieth year of Jotham the son of Uzziah.
15:31 Now the rest of the acts of Pekah, and all that he did, behold, they are written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel.
15:32 In the second year of Pekah the son of Remaliah king of Israel began Jotham the son of Uzziah king of Judah to reign.
15:33 Twenty-five years old was he when he began to reign; and he reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem: and his mother’s name was Jerusha the daughter of Zadok.
15:34 And he did that which was right in the eyes of Jehovah; he did according to all that his father Uzziah had done.
15:35 Howbeit the high places were not taken away: the people still sacrificed and burned incense in the high places. He built the upper gate of the house of Jehovah.
15:36 Now the rest of the acts of Jotham, and all that he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?
15:37 In those days Jehovah began to send against Judah Rezin the king of Syria, and Pekah the son of Remaliah.
15:38 And Jotham slept with his fathers, and was buried with his fathers in the city of David his father: and Ahaz his son reigned in his stead.
16:1 In the seventeenth year of Pekah the son of Remaliah began Ahaz the son of Jotham king of Judah to reign.
16:2 Twenty years old was Ahaz when he began to reign; and he reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem: and he did not that which was right in the eyes of Jehovah his God, like David his father.
16:3 But he walked in the way of the kings of Israel, yes, and made his son to pass through the fire, according to the abominations of the nations, whom Jehovah cast out from before the children of Israel.
16:4 And he sacrificed and burnt incense in the high places, and on the hills, and under every green tree.
16:5 Then Rezin king of Syria and Pekah son of Remaliah king of Israel came up to Jerusalem to war: and they besieged Ahaz, but could not overcome him.
16:6 At that time Rezin king of Syria recovered 115Elath to Syria, and drove the Jews from Elath; and the 116Syrians came to Elath, and dwelt there unto this day.
115Hb. Eloth (first and second times) Modern Eilat.16:7 So Ahaz sent messengers to Tiglath-pileser king of Assyria, saying, I am thy servant and thy son: come up, and save me out of the hand of the king of Syria, and out of the hand of the king of Israel, that rise up against me.
116Hbmg, Sept., Vg. read Edomites
16:8 And Ahaz took the silver and gold that was found in the house of Jehovah, and in the treasures of the king’s house, 117and sent it for a present to the king of Assyria.
117An inscription of Tiglath-pileser III says, [I received] the tribute of ... Enil of Hamath,... Sanipu of the house of Ammon, Salamanu of Moab,... Jehoahaz of Judah, Kaushmalaku of Edom,... consisting of gold, silver, etc. [ANET, p. 282.]16:9 And the king of Assyria hearkened unto him; 118and the king of Assyria went up against Damascus, and took it, and carried the people of it captive to Kir, and slew Rezin.
118Another inscription of Tiglath-pileser III says, I received tribute from... Rezon of Damascus, Menahem of Samaria, Hiram of Tyre,... Zabibe, the queen of Arabia, [18 nations total] to wit gold, silver, tin, iron,... horses, etc. [ANET, p. 283.]16:10 And king Ahaz went to Damascus to meet Tiglath-pileser king of Assyria, and saw the altar that was at Damascus; and king Ahaz sent to Urijah the priest the fashion of the altar, and the pattern of it, according to all the workmanship thereof.
16:11 And Urijah the priest built an altar: according to all that king Ahaz had sent from Damascus, so did Urijah the priest make it against the coming of king Ahaz from Damascus.
16:12 And when the king was come from Damascus, the king saw the altar: and the king drew near unto the altar, and 119offered thereon.
119Or, went up unto it.16:13 And he burnt his burnt-offering and his meal-offering, and poured his drink-offering, and sprinkled the blood of 120his peace-offerings, upon the altar.
120Hb. the peace-offerings which were his,16:14 And the copper altar, which was before Jehovah, he brought from the forefront of the house, from between his altar and the house of Jehovah, and put it on the north side of his altar.
16:15 And king Ahaz commanded Urijah the priest, saying, Upon the great altar burn the morning burnt-offering, and the evening meal-offering, and the king’s burnt-offering, and his meal-offering, with the burnt-offering of all the people of the land, and their meal-offering, and their drink-offerings; and sprinkle upon it all the blood of the burnt-offering, and all the blood of the sacrifice: but the copper altar shall be for me to inquire by.
16:16 Thus did Urijah the priest, according to all that king Ahaz commanded.
16:17 And king Ahaz cut off the panels of the bases, and removed the laver from off them, and took down the sea from off the copper oxen that were under it, and put it upon a pavement of stone.
16:18 And the 121covered way for the sabbath that they had built in the house, and the king’s entry without, turned he 122unto the house of Jehovah, because of the king of Assyria.
121Or, covered place for the sabbath16:19 Now the rest of the acts of Ahaz which he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?
16:20 And Ahaz slept with his fathers, and was buried with his fathers in the city of David: and Hezekiah his son reigned in his stead.
17:1 In the twelfth year of Ahaz king of Judah began Hoshea the son of Elah to reign in Samaria over Israel, and reigned nine years.
17:2 And he did that which was evil in the sight of Jehovah, yet not as the kings of Israel that were before him.
17:3 Against him came up Shalmaneser king of Assyria; and Hoshea became his servant, and brought him tribute.
17:4 And the king of Assyria found conspiracy in Hoshea; for he had sent messengers to So king of Egypt, and offered no tribute to the king of Assyria, as he had done year by year: therefore the king of Assyria shut him up, and bound him in prison.
17:5 Then the king of Assyria 123came up throughout all the land, and went up to Samaria, and besieged it three years.
123Shalmaneser died around the time Samaria fell, and Sargon II credits himself with the fall itself, I besieged and conquered Samaria, led away as booty 27,290 inhabitants of it. I formed from among them a contingent of 50 chariots and made remaining inhabitants assume their social positions. I installed over them an officer of mine and imposed upon them the tribute of the former king. Hanno king of Gaza and also Sib’e the turtan of Egypt [Mu-su-ri], set out from Rapihu against me to deliver a decisive battle. I defeated them... I received the tribute from Pir’u of Musuru [Pharaoh of Egypt], from Samsi queen of Arabia and It’amar the Sabean, gold powder, horses and camels. [ANET, p. 285.]17:6 In the ninth year of Hoshea the king of Assyria took Samaria, and carried Israel away unto Assyria, and placed them in Chalach, and on the 124Chabor, the river of Gozan, and in the cities of the Medes.
124Modern Khābūr River, in N.E. Syria. Cf. Ez 1:1.17:7 And it was so, because the children of Israel had sinned against Jehovah their God, who brought them up out of the land of Egypt from under the hand of Pharaoh king of Egypt, and had feared other gods,
17:8 and walked in the statutes of the nations, whom Jehovah cast out from before the children of Israel, and of the kings of Israel, which they 125made.
125Or, practiced.17:9 And the children of Israel did secretly things that were not right against Jehovah their God: and they built them high places in all their cities, from the tower of the watchmen to the fortified city;
17:10 and they set them up 126pillars and Asherim upon every high hill, and under every green tree;
126Or, obelisks17:11 and there they burnt incense in all the high places, as did the nations whom Jehovah carried away before them; and they wrought wicked things to provoke Jehovah to anger;
17:12 and they served idols, whereof Jehovah had said unto them, Ye shall not do this thing.
17:13 Yet Jehovah testified unto Israel, and unto Judah, by every prophet, and every seer, saying, Turn ye from your evil ways, and keep my commandments and my statutes, according to all the law which I commanded your fathers, and which I sent to you by my servants the prophets.
17:14 Notwithstanding, they would not hear, but hardened their neck, like to the neck of their fathers, who believed not in Jehovah their God.
17:15 And they rejected his statutes, and his covenant that he made with their fathers, and his testimonies which he testified unto them; and they followed vanity, and became vain, and went after the nations that were round about them, concerning whom Jehovah had charged them that they should not do like them.
17:16 And they forsook all the commandments of Jehovah their God, and made them molten images, even two calves, and made an Asherah, and worshipped all the host of heaven, and served Baal.
17:17 And they caused their sons and their daughters to pass through the fire, and used divination and enchantments, and sold themselves to do that which was evil in the sight of Jehovah, to provoke him to anger.
17:18 Therefore Jehovah was very angry with Israel, and removed them out of his sight: there was none left but the tribe of Judah only.
17:19 Also Judah kept not the commandments of Jehovah their God, but walked in the statutes of Israel which they made.
17:20 And Jehovah rejected all the seed of Israel, and afflicted them, and delivered them into the hand of spoilers, until he had cast them out of his sight.
17:21 For he rent Israel from the house of David; and they made Jeroboam the son of Nebat king: and Jeroboam 127drove Israel from following Jehovah, and made them sin a great sin.
127According to another reading, drew away Israel17:22 And the children of Israel walked in all the sins of Jeroboam which he did; they departed not from them;
17:23 until Jehovah removed Israel out of his sight, as he spake by all his servants the prophets. So Israel was carried away out of their own land to Assyria unto this day.
17:24 And the king of Assyria 128brought men from Babylon, and from Cuthah, and from Avva, and from Hamath and Sepharvaim, and placed them in the cities of Samaria instead of the children of Israel; and they possessed Samaria, and dwelt in the cities thereof.
128In his 7th year (of 16) Sargon II of Assyria writes, I crushed the tribes of Tamud, Ibadidi, Marsimanu, and Haiapa, the Arabs who live, far away, in the desert and who know neither overseers nor officials and who had not yet brought their tribute to any king. I deported their survivors and settled them in Samaria. [ANET, p. 285-286.] Sargon later claims to have received tribute from Judah.17:25 And so it was, at the beginning of their dwelling there, that they feared not Jehovah: therefore Jehovah sent lions among them, which killed some of them.
17:26 Wherefore they spake to the king of Assyria, saying, The nations which thou hast carried away, and placed in the cities of Samaria, know not the law of the god of the land: therefore he hath sent lions among them, and, behold, they slay them, because they know not the law of the god of the land.
17:27 Then the king of Assyria commanded, saying, Carry thither one of the priests whom ye brought from thence; and let 129them go and dwell there, and let him teach them the law of the gods of the land.
129Plural, suggesting that the priest’s family is included17:28 So one of the priests whom they had carried away from Samaria came and dwelt in Beth-el, and taught them how they should fear Jehovah.
17:29 Howbeit every nation made gods of their own, and put them in the houses of the high places which the Samaritans had made, every nation in their cities wherein they dwelt.
17:30 And the men of Babylon made Sukkoth-benoth, and the men of Cuth made Nergal, and the men of Hamath made Ashima,
17:31 and the Avvites made Nibhaz and Tartak; and the Sepharvites burnt their children in the fire to Adrammelech and Anammelech, the 130gods of Sepharvaim.
130Hbtxt alone reads, god17:32 So they feared Jehovah, and made unto them from among themselves priests of the high places, who sacrificed for them in the houses of the high places.
17:33 They feared Jehovah, and served their own gods, after the manner of the nations from among whom they had been carried away.
17:34 Unto this day they do after the former manner: they fear not Jehovah, neither do they after their statutes, or after their ordinances, or after the law or after the commandment which Jehovah commanded the children of Jacob, whom he named Israel;
17:35 with whom Jehovah had made a covenant, and charged them, saying, Ye shall not fear other gods, nor bow yourselves to them, nor serve them, nor sacrifice to them:
17:36 but Jehovah, who brought you up out of the land of Egypt with great power and with an outstretched arm, him shall ye fear, and unto him shall ye bow yourselves, and to him shall ye sacrifice:
17:37 and the statutes and the ordinances, and the law and the commandment, which he wrote for you, ye shall observe to do all your days; and ye shall not fear other gods:
17:38 and the covenant that I have made with you ye shall not forget; neither shall ye fear other gods:
17:39 but Jehovah your God shall ye fear; and he will deliver you out of the hand of all your enemies.
17:40 Howbeit they did not hearken, but they did after their former manner.
17:41 So these nations feared Jehovah, and served their graven images; their children likewise, and their children’s children, as did their fathers, so do they unto this day.
18:1 Now it came to pass in the third year of Hoshea son of Elah king of Israel, that Hezekiah the son of Ahaz king of Judah began to reign.
18:2 Twenty-five years old was he when he began to reign; and he reigned twenty-nine years in Jerusalem: and his mother’s name was Abi the daughter of Zechariah.
18:3 And he did that which was right in the eyes of Jehovah, according to all that David his father had done.
18:4 He removed the high places, and brake the pillars, and cut down the Asherah: and he brake in pieces the brazen serpent that Moses had made; for unto those days the children of Israel did burn incense to it; and 131he called it 132Nehushtan.
131Or, it was called18:5 He trusted in Jehovah, the God of Israel; so that after him was none like him among all the kings of Judah, nor among them that were before him.
132That is, Just a piece of copper.
18:6 For he clave to Jehovah; he departed not from following him, but kept his commandments, which Jehovah commanded Moses.
18:7 And Jehovah was with him; whithersoever he went forth he prospered: and he rebelled against the king of Assyria, and served him not.
18:8 He smote the Philistines unto Gaza and the borders thereof, from the tower of the watchmen to the fortified city.
18:9 And it came to pass in the fourth year of king Hezekiah, which was the seventh year of Hoshea son of Elah king of Israel, that Shalmaneser king of Assyria came up against Samaria, and besieged it.
18:10 And at the end of three years they took it: in the sixth year of Hezekiah, which was the ninth year of Hoshea king of Israel, Samaria was taken.
18:11 And the king of Assyria carried Israel away unto Assyria, and put them in Chalach, and on the 133Chabor, the river of Gozan, and in the cities of the Medes,
133Khābūr River, in modern N.E. Syria. Cf. Ez 1:1.18:12 because they obeyed not the voice of Jehovah their God, but transgressed his covenant, even all that Moses the servant of Jehovah commanded, and would not hear it, nor do it.
18:13 Now in the fourteenth year of king Hezekiah did 134Sennacherib king of Assyria come up against all the fortified cities of Judah, and took them.
134Hb. Sanherib From the Prism of Sennacherib, As to Hezekiah the Jew, he did not submit to my yoke, I laid siege to 46 of his strong cities, walled forts and to the countless small villages in their vicinity, and conquered them by means of well-stamped (earth-) ramps, and battering-rams brought thus near to the walls, combined with the attack by foot soldiers, using mines, breeches as well as sapper work. I drove out of them 200,150 people, young and old, male and female, horses, mules, donkeys, camels, big and small cattle beyond counting, and considered them booty. Himself I made a prisoner in Jerusalem, his royal residence, like a bird in a cage. I surrounded him with earthwork in order to molest those who were leaving his city’s gate. His towns which I had plundered, I took away from his country and gave them over to Mitinti king of Ashdod, Padi king of Ekron, and Sillibel king of Gaza. Thus I reduced his country, but to me as his overlord which I imposed later upon him beyond the former tribute, to be delivered annually. Hezekiah himself, whom the terror-inspiring splendor of my lordship had overwhelmed and whose irregular and elite troops which he had brought into Jerusalem, his royal residence, in order to strengthen it, had deserted him, did send me, later, to Nineveh, my lordly city, together with 30 talents of gold, 800 talents of silver, precious stones,... his own daughters, concubines... [ANET, p. 288.] [Sennacherib conveniently ignores his own losses.]18:14 And Hezekiah king of Judah sent to the king of Assyria to Lachish, saying, I have offended; return from me: that which thou puttest on me will I bear. And the king of Assyria appointed unto Hezekiah king of Judah 135three hundred talents of silver and thirty talents of gold.
135That is, 10,400 kg of silver and 1,040 kg of gold.18:15 And Hezekiah gave him all the silver that was found in the house of Jehovah, and in the treasures of the king’s house.
18:16 At that time did Hezekiah cut off the gold from the doors of the temple of Jehovah, and from the 136pillars which Hezekiah king of Judah had overlaid, and gave it to the king of Assyria.
136Or, doorposts18:17 And the king of Assyria sent 137Tartan and Rab-saris and Rab-shakeh from 138Lachish to king Hezekiah with a great army unto Jerusalem. And they went up and came to Jerusalem. And when they were come up, they came and stood by the conduit of the upper pool, which is in the highway of the fuller’s field.
137Not three names, but titles of Assyrian officers.18:18 And when they had called to the king, there came out to them Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, who was over the household, and Shebnah the 139scribe, and Joah the son of Asaph the 140recorder.
138An epigraph says, Sennacherib, king of the world, king of Assyria, sat upon a nimedu-throne and passed in review the booty taken from Lachish.
139Or, secretary,18:19 And Rabshakeh said unto them, Say ye now to Hezekiah, Thus saith the great king, the king of Assyria, What confidence is this wherein thou trustest?
18:20 Thou sayest (but they are but 141vain words), There is counsel and strength for the war. Now on whom dost thou trust, that thou hast rebelled against me?
141Hb. a word of the lips18:21 Now, behold, thou trustest upon the staff of this bruised reed, even upon Egypt; whereon if a man lean, it will go into his hand, and pierce it: so is Pharaoh king of Egypt unto all that trust on him.
18:22 But if ye say unto me, We trust in Jehovah our God; is not that he, whose high places and whose altars Hezekiah hath taken away, and hath said to Judah and to Jerusalem, Ye shall worship before this altar in Jerusalem?
18:23 Now therefore, I pray thee, 142give pledges to my master the king of Assyria, and I will give thee two thousand horses, if thou be able on thy part to set riders upon them.
142Or, make a wager with my master18:24 How then canst thou turn away the face of one captain of the least of my master’s servants, and put thy trust on Egypt for chariots and for horsemen?
18:25 Am I now come up without Jehovah against this place to destroy it? Jehovah said unto me, Go up against this land, and destroy it.
18:26 Then said Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, and Shebnah, and Joah, unto Rabshakeh, Speak, I pray thee, to thy servants in the 143Syrian language; for we understand it: and speak not with us in the Jews’ language, in the ears of the people that are on the wall.
143Hb. Aramean or, Aramaic18:27 But Rabshakeh said unto them, Hath my master sent me to thy master, and to thee, to speak these words? hath he not sent me to the men that sit on the wall, to eat their own dung, and to drink their own water with you?
18:28 Then Rabshakeh stood, and cried with a loud voice in the Jews’ language, and spake, saying, Hear ye the word of the great king, the king of Assyria.
18:29 Thus saith the king, Let not Hezekiah deceive you; for he will not be able to deliver you out of his hand:
18:30 neither let Hezekiah make you trust in Jehovah, saying, Jehovah will surely deliver us, and this city shall not be given into the hand of the king of Assyria.
18:31 Hearken not to Hezekiah: for thus saith the king of Assyria, 144Make your peace with me, and come out to me; and eat ye every one of his vine, and every one of his fig-tree, and drink ye every one the waters of his own cistern;
144Hb. Make with me a blessing,18:32 until I come and take you away to a land like your own land, a land of grain and new wine, a land of bread and vineyards, a land of olive-trees and of honey, that ye may live, and not die: and hearken not unto Hezekiah, when he persuadeth you, saying, Jehovah will deliver us.
18:33 Hath any of the gods of the nations ever delivered his land out of the hand of the king of Assyria?
18:34 Where are the gods of Hamath, and of Arpad? where are the gods of Sepharvaim, of Hena, and Ivvah? have they delivered Samaria out of my hand?
18:35 Who are they among all the gods of the countries, that have delivered their country out of my hand, that Jehovah should deliver Jerusalem out of my hand?
18:36 But the people held their peace, and answered him not a word; for the king’s commandment was, saying, Answer him not.
18:37 Then came Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, who was over the household, and Shebna the scribe, and Joah the son of Asaph the recorder, to Hezekiah with their clothes rent, and told him the words of Rabshakeh.
19:1 And it came to pass, when king Hezekiah heard it, that he rent his clothes, and covered himself with sackcloth, and went into the house of Jehovah.
19:2 And he sent Eliakim, who was over the household, and Shebna the scribe, and the elders of the priests, covered with sackcloth, unto Isaiah the prophet the son of Amoz.
19:3 And they said unto him, Thus saith Hezekiah, This day is a day of trouble, and of rebuke, and of reproach; for the children are come to the birth, and there is not strength to bring forth.
19:4 It may be Jehovah thy God will hear all the words of Rabshakeh, 145whom the king of Assyria his master hath sent to defy the living God, and will rebuke the words which Jehovah thy God hath heard: wherefore lift up thy prayer for the remnant that is left.
145Or, wherewith the king of Assyria hath sent him to defy the living God,19:5 So the servants of king Hezekiah came to Isaiah.
19:6 And Isaiah said unto them, Thus shall ye say to your master, Thus saith Jehovah, Be not afraid of the words that thou hast heard, wherewith the servants of the king of Assyria have blasphemed me.
19:7 Behold, I will put a spirit in him, and he shall hear tidings, and shall return to his own land; and I will cause him to fall by the sword in his own land.
19:8 So Rabshakeh returned, and found the king of Assyria warring against Libnah; for he had heard that he was departed from Lachish.
19:9 And when he heard say of Tirhakah king of Ethiopia, Behold, he is come out to fight against thee, he sent messengers again unto Hezekiah, saying,
19:10 Thus shall ye speak to Hezekiah king of Judah, saying, Let not thy God in whom thou trustest deceive thee, saying, Jerusalem shall not be given into the hand of the king of Assyria.
19:11 Behold, thou hast heard what the kings of Assyria have done to all lands, by 146destroying them utterly: and shalt thou be delivered?
146Hb. devoting them utterly:19:12 Have the gods of the nations delivered them, which my fathers have destroyed, Gozan, and Haran, and Rezeph, and the children of Eden that were in Telassar?
19:13 Where is the king of Hamath, and the king of Arpad, and the king of the city of Sepharvaim, of Hena, and Ivvah?
19:14 And Hezekiah received the letter from the hand of the messengers, and read it; and Hezekiah went up unto the house of Jehovah, and spread it before Jehovah.
19:15 And Hezekiah prayed before Jehovah, and said, O Jehovah, the God of Israel, that 147sittest above the cherubim, thou art the God, even thou alone, of all the kingdoms of the earth; thou hast made heaven and earth.
147Or, art enthroned above the cherubim,19:16 Incline thine ear, O Jehovah, and hear; open thine eyes, O Jehovah, and see; and hear the words of Sennacherib, wherewith he hath sent him to defy the living God.
19:17 Of a truth, Jehovah, the kings of Assyria have laid waste the nations and their lands,
19:18 and have cast their gods into the fire; for they were no gods, but the work of men’s hands, wood and stone; therefore they have destroyed them.
19:19 Now therefore, O Jehovah our God, save thou us, I beseech thee, out of his hand, that all the kingdoms of the earth may know that thou Jehovah art God alone.
19:20 Then Isaiah the son of Amoz sent to Hezekiah, saying, Thus saith Jehovah, the God of Israel, Whereas thou hast prayed to me against Sennacherib king of Assyria, I have heard thee.
19:21 This is the word that Jehovah hath spoken concerning him: The virgin daughter of Zion hath despised thee and laughed thee to scorn; the daughter of Jerusalem hath shaken her head 148at thee.
148Hb. after thee.19:22 Whom hast thou defied and blasphemed? and against whom hast thou exalted thy voice and lifted up thine eyes on high? even against the Holy One of Israel.
19:23 By thy messengers thou hast defied 149Jehovah, and hast said, With the 150multitude of my chariots am I come up to the height of the mountains, to the innermost parts of Lebanon; and I will cut down the tall cedars thereof, and the choice 151fir-trees thereof; and I will enter into his farthest lodging-place, the forest of his fruitful field.
149Sopherim changed to the Lord,19:24 I have digged and drunk strange waters, and with the sole of my feet will I dry up all the rivers of 152Egypt.
150Some mss. in Hbtxt read driving
152Or, defence. Hb. Mazor. (only the Nile Delta)19:25 Hast thou not heard how I have done it long ago, and formed it of ancient times? now have I brought it to pass, that it should be thine to lay waste fortified cities into ruinous heaps.
19:26 Therefore their inhabitants were of small power, they were dismayed and confounded; they were as the grass of the field, and as the green herb, as the grass on the housetops, and as grain blasted before it is grown up.
19:27 But I know thy sitting down, and thy going out, and thy coming in, and thy raging against me.
19:28 Because of thy raging against me, and because thine arrogancy is come up into mine ears, therefore will I put my hook in thy nose, and my bridle in thy lips, and I will turn thee back by the way by which thou camest.
19:29 And this shall be the sign unto thee: ye shall eat this year that which groweth of itself, and in the second year that which springeth of the same; and in the third year sow ye, and reap, and plant vineyards, and eat the fruit thereof.
19:30 And 153the remnant that is escaped of the house of Judah shall again take root downward, and bear fruit upward.
153Hb. the escaped of the house of Judah that remain shall again take root downward,19:31 For out of Jerusalem shall go forth a remnant, and out of mount Zion they that shall escape: the zeal of 154Jehovah shall perform this.
154Hbmg, versions read Jehovah of hosts (And so it is in Is 37:32.)19:32 Therefore thus saith Jehovah concerning the king of Assyria, He shall not come unto this city, nor shoot an arrow there, neither shall he come before it with shield, nor cast up a mound against it.
19:33 By the way that he came, by the same shall he return, and he shall not come unto this city, saith Jehovah.
19:34 For I will defend this city to save it, for mine own sake, and for my servant David’s sake.
19:35 155And it came to pass that night, that the angel of Jehovah went forth, and smote in the camp of the Assyrians a hundred eighty-five thousand: and when men arose early in the morning, behold, these were all dead bodies.
155Herodotus II.141 (transl. Henry Cary) likely records this same event: Senacherib, king of the Arabians and Assyrians, marched a large army against Egypt. ...he [Sethos; likely Stephinathis] took with him such of the Egyptians as were willing to follow him, and encamped in Pelusium, for here the entrance into Egypt is; but none of the military caste followed him, but tradesmen, mechanics, and sutlers [peddlers]. When they arrived there, a number of field mice, pouring in upon their enemies, devoured their quivers and their bows, and moreover, the handles of their shields; so that on the next day, when they fled bereft of their arms, many of them fell. And to this day, a stone statue of this king stands in the temple of Vulcan, with a mouse in his hand.19:36 So Sennacherib king of Assyria departed, and went and returned, and dwelt at Nineveh.
19:37 And it came to pass, as he was worshipping in the house of Nisroch his god, that 156Adrammelech and Sharezer smote him with the sword: and they escaped into the land of Ararat. And Esar-haddon his son reigned in his stead.
156Hbmg, versions read Adrammelech and Sharezer his sons (And so it is in Is 37:38.)[2King 20]
20:1 In those days was Hezekiah sick unto death. And Isaiah the prophet the son of Amoz came to him, and said unto him, Thus saith Jehovah, Set thy house in order; for thou shalt die, and not live.
20:2 Then he turned his face to the wall, and prayed unto Jehovah, saying,
20:3 Remember now, O Jehovah, I beseech thee, how I have walked before thee in truth and with a perfect heart, and have done that which is good in thy sight. And Hezekiah wept sore.
20:4 And it came to pass, before Isaiah was gone 157out into 158the middle part of the city, that the word of Jehovah came to him, saying,
157Or, out of20:5 Turn back, and say to Hezekiah the 159prince of my people, Thus saith Jehovah, the God of David thy father, I have heard thy prayer, I have seen thy tears: behold, I will heal thee; on the third day thou shalt go up unto the house of Jehovah.
158Several Massoretic mss. and all ancient versions read the middle court,
159Or, leader20:6 And I will add unto thy days fifteen years; and I will deliver thee and this city out of the hand of the king of Assyria; and I will defend this city for mine own sake, and for my servant David’s sake.
20:7 And Isaiah said, Take a cake of figs. And they took and laid it on the boil, and he recovered.
20:8 And Hezekiah said unto Isaiah, What shall be the sign that Jehovah will heal me, and that I shall go up unto the house of Jehovah the third day?
20:9 And Isaiah said, This shall be the sign unto thee from Jehovah, that Jehovah will do the thing that he hath spoken: 160shall the shadow go forward ten 161steps, or go back ten steps?
160Or, the shadow is gone forward ten steps, shall it go back etc.20:10 And Hezekiah answered, It is a light thing for the shadow to decline ten steps: no, but let the shadow return backward ten steps.
161Or, degrees (both times) Also in vss. 10 and 11.
20:11 And Isaiah the prophet cried unto Jehovah; and he brought the shadow ten steps backward on the steps, by which it had gone down on the steps of Ahaz.
20:12 At that time 162Berodach-baladan the son of Baladan, king of Babylon, sent letters and a present unto Hezekiah; for he had heard that Hezekiah had been sick.
162In Is 39:1, Merodach-baladan [Marduk-Baladan]20:13 And Hezekiah hearkened unto them, and showed them all the house of his 163precious things, the silver, and the gold, and the spices, and the precious oil, and 164the house of his 165armor, and all that was found in his treasures: there was nothing in his house, nor in all his dominion, that Hezekiah showed them not.
163Or, spicery,20:14 Then came Isaiah the prophet unto king Hezekiah, and said unto him, What said these men? and from whence came they unto thee? And Hezekiah said, They are come from a far country, even from Babylon.
164Some mss., Aram. read, all the house of
20:15 And he said, What have they seen in thy house? And Hezekiah answered, All that is in my house have they seen: there is nothing among my treasures that I have not showed them.
20:16 And Isaiah said unto Hezekiah, Hear the word of Jehovah.
20:17 Behold, the days come, that all that is in thy house, and that which thy fathers have laid up in store unto this day, shall be carried to Babylon: nothing shall be left, saith Jehovah.
20:18 And of thy sons that shall issue from thee, whom thou shalt beget, shall they take away; and they shall be eunuchs in the palace of the king of Babylon.
20:19 Then said Hezekiah unto Isaiah, Good is the word of Jehovah which thou hast spoken. He said moreover, Is it not so, if peace and truth shall be in my days?
20:20 Now the rest of the acts of Hezekiah, and all his might, and 166how he made the pool, and the conduit, and brought water into the city, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?
166This tunnel was rediscovered in 1880, with an inscription describing its construction, And this was the way in which the tunnel was cut through: - While [they] were still [using the] axe, each man toward his fellow, and while there were still three cubits to be cut through, [there was heard] the voice of a man calling to his fellow, for there was an overlap (?) in the rock on the right [and on the left]. And when the tunnel was driven through, the quarrymen hewed the rock, each man toward his fellow, axe against axe; and the water flowed from the spring toward the reservoir for 1,200 cubits, and the height of the rock overhead of the quarrymen was 100 cubits. [ANET, p. 321.]20:21 And Hezekiah slept with his fathers; and Manasseh his son reigned in his stead.
21:1 Manasseh was twelve years old when he began to reign; and he reigned fifty-five years in Jerusalem: and his mother’s name was Hephzibah.
21:2 And he did that which was evil in the sight of Jehovah, after the abominations of the nations whom Jehovah cast out before the children of Israel.
21:3 For he built again the high places which Hezekiah his father had destroyed; and he reared up altars for Baal, and made an Asherah, as did Ahab king of Israel, and worshipped all the host of heaven, and served them.
21:4 And he built altars in the house of Jehovah, whereof Jehovah said, In Jerusalem will I put my name.
21:5 And he built altars for all the host of heaven in the two courts of the house of Jehovah.
21:6 And he made his son to pass through the fire, and practised augury, and used enchantments, and 167dealt with them that had familiar spirits, and with wizards: he wrought much evil in the sight of Jehovah, to provoke him to anger.
167Or, appointed Hb. made21:7 And he set the graven image of Asherah, that he had made, in the house of which Jehovah said to David and to Solomon his son, In this house, and in Jerusalem, which I have chosen out of all the tribes of Israel, will I put my name for ever;
21:8 neither will I cause the feet of Israel to wander any more out of the land which I gave their fathers, if only they will observe to do according to all that I have commanded them, and according to all the law that my servant Moses commanded them.
21:9 But they hearkened not: and Manasseh seduced them to do that which is evil more than did the nations whom Jehovah destroyed before the children of Israel.
21:10 And Jehovah spake by his servants the prophets, saying,
21:11 Because Manasseh king of Judah hath done these abominations, and hath done wickedly above all that the Amorites did, that were before him, and hath made Judah also to sin with his idols;
21:12 therefore thus saith Jehovah, the God of Israel, Behold, I bring such evil upon Jerusalem and Judah, that whosoever heareth of it, both his ears shall tingle.
21:13 And I will stretch over Jerusalem the line of Samaria, and the plummet of the house of Ahab; and I will wipe Jerusalem as one wipeth a dish, wiping it and turning it upside down.
21:14 And I will cast off the remnant of mine inheritance, and deliver them into the hand of their enemies; and they shall become a prey and a spoil to all their enemies;
21:15 because they have done that which is evil in my sight, and have provoked me to anger, since the day their fathers came forth out of Egypt, even unto this day.
21:16 Moreover Manasseh shed innocent blood very much, till he had filled Jerusalem from one end to another; besides his sin wherewith he made Judah to sin, in doing that which was evil in the sight of Jehovah.
21:17 Now the rest of the acts of Manasseh, and all that he did, and his sin that he sinned, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?
21:18 And Manasseh slept with his fathers, and was buried in the garden of his own house, in the garden of Uzza: and Amon his son reigned in his stead.
21:19 Amon was twenty-two years old when he began to reign; and he reigned two years in Jerusalem: and his mother’s name was Meshullemeth the daughter of Haruz of Jotbah.
21:20 And he did that which was evil in the sight of Jehovah, as did Manasseh his father.
21:21 And he walked in all the way that his father walked in, and served the idols that his father served, and worshipped them:
21:22 and he forsook Jehovah, the God of his fathers, and walked not in the way of Jehovah.
21:23 And the servants of Amon conspired against him, and put the king to death in his own house.
21:24 But the people of the land slew all them that had conspired against king Amon; and the people of the land made Josiah his son king in his stead.
21:25 Now the rest of the acts of Amon which he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?
21:26 And he was buried in his sepulchre in the garden of Uzza: and Josiah his son reigned in his stead.
22:1 Josiah was eight years old when he began to reign; and he reigned thirty-one years in Jerusalem: and his mother’s name was Jedidah the daughter of Adaiah of Bozkath.
22:2 And he did that which was right in the eyes of Jehovah, and walked in all the way of David his father, and turned not aside to the right hand or to the left.
22:3 And it came to pass in the eighteenth year of king Josiah, that the king sent Shaphan, the son of Azaliah the son of Meshullam, the scribe, to the house of Jehovah, saying,
22:4 Go up to Hilkiah the high priest, that he may sum the money that is brought into the house of Jehovah, which the keepers of the threshold have gathered of the people:
22:5 and let them deliver it into the hand of the workmen that have the oversight of the house of Jehovah; and let them give it to the workmen that are in the house of Jehovah, to repair the breaches of the house,
22:6 unto the carpenters, and to the builders, and to the masons, and for buying timber and hewn stone to repair the house.
22:7 Howbeit there was no reckoning made with them of the money that was delivered into their hand; for they dealt faithfully.
22:8 And Hilkiah the high priest said unto Shaphan the scribe, I have found the book of the law in the house of Jehovah. And Hilkiah delivered the book to Shaphan, and he read it.
22:9 And Shaphan the scribe came to the king, and brought the king word again, and said, Thy servants have 168emptied out the money that was found in the house, and have delivered it into the hand of the workmen that have the oversight of the house of Jehovah.
168Or, poured out the money22:10 And Shaphan the scribe told the king, saying, Hilkiah the priest hath delivered me a book. And Shaphan read it before the king.
22:11 And it came to pass, when the king had heard the words of the book of the law, that he rent his clothes.
22:12 And the king commended Hilkiah the priest, and Ahikam the son of Shaphan, and Achbor the son of Micaiah, and Shaphan the scribe, and Asaiah the king’s servant, saying,
22:13 Go ye, inquire of Jehovah for me, and for the people, and for all Judah, concerning the words of this book that is found; for great is the wrath of Jehovah that is kindled against us, because our fathers have not hearkened unto the words of this book, to do according unto all that which is 169written concerning us.
169Or, enjoined us.22:14 So Hilkiah the priest, and Ahikam, and Achbor, and Shaphan, and Asaiah, went unto Huldah the prophetess, the wife of Shallum the son of Tikvah, the son of Harhas, keeper of the wardrobe; (now she dwelt in Jerusalem in the 170second quarter;) and they communed with her.
170Hb. Mishneh;22:15 And she said unto them, Thus saith Jehovah, the God of Israel: Tell ye the man that sent you unto me,
22:16 Thus saith Jehovah, Behold, I will bring evil upon this place, and upon the inhabitants thereof, even all the words of the book which the king of Judah hath read.
22:17 Because they have forsaken me, and have burned incense unto other gods, that they might provoke me to anger with all the work of their hands, therefore my wrath shall be kindled against this place, and it shall not be quenched.
22:18 But unto the king of Judah, who sent you to inquire of Jehovah, thus shall ye say to him, Thus saith Jehovah, the God of Israel: As touching the words which thou hast heard,
22:19 because thy heart was tender, and thou didst humble thyself before Jehovah, when thou heardest what I spake against this place, and against the inhabitants thereof, that they should become 171a desolation and a curse, and hast rent thy clothes, and wept before me; I also have heard thee, saith Jehovah.
171Or, an astonishment and22:20 Therefore, behold, I will gather thee to thy fathers, and thou shalt be gathered to thy grave in peace, neither shall thine eyes see all the evil which I will bring upon this place. And they brought the king word again.
23:1 And the king sent, and they gathered unto him all the elders of Judah and of Jerusalem.
23:2 And the king went up to the house of Jehovah, and all the men of Judah and all the inhabitants of Jerusalem with him, and the priests, and the prophets, and all the people, both small and great: and he read in their ears all the words of the book of the covenant that was found in the house of Jehovah.
23:3 And the king stood 172by the pillar, and made a covenant before Jehovah, to walk after Jehovah, and to keep his commandments, and his testimonies, and his statutes, with all his heart, and all his soul, to 173confirm the words of this covenant that were written in this book: and all the people stood to the covenant.
172Or, on the platform,23:4 And the king commanded Hilkiah the high priest, and the priests of the second order, and the keepers of the threshold, to bring forth out of the temple of Jehovah all the vessels that were made for Baal, and for the Asherah, and for all the host of heaven, and he burned them without Jerusalem in the fields of the Kidron, and carried the ashes of them unto Beth-el.
23:5 And he put down the 174black priests, whom the kings of Judah had ordained to burn incense in the high places in the cities of Judah, and in the places round about Jerusalem; them also that burned incense unto Baal, to the sun, and to the moon, and to the 175planets, and to all the host of heaven.
174Hb. Kemarim, See Hos 10:5; Zp 1:4.23:6 And he brought out the Asherah from the house of Jehovah, without Jerusalem, unto the brook Kidron, and burned it at the brook Kidron, and beat it to the dust, and cast the dust thereof upon the graves of 176the common people.
175Or, twelve signs of the Zodiac,
176Hb. the children of the people.23:7 And he brake down the houses of the sodomites, that were in the house of Jehovah, where the women wove 177hangings for the Asherah.
177Or, tents Hb. houses23:8 And he brought all the priests out of the cities of Judah, and defiled the high places where the priests had burned incense, from Geba to Beer-sheba; and he brake down the high places of the gates that were at the entrance of the gate of Joshua the governor of the city, which were on a man’s left hand at the gate of the city.
23:9 Nevertheless the priests of the high places came not up to the altar of Jehovah in Jerusalem, but they did eat unleavened bread among their brethren.
23:10 And he defiled Topheth, which is in the valley of the 178son of Hinnom, that no man might make his son or his daughter to pass through the fire to Molech.
178Most Hbtxt reads, sons (or, children) of Hinnom,23:11 And he took away the horses that the kings of Judah had given to the sun, 179at the entrance of the house of Jehovah, by the chamber of Nathan-melech the chamberlain, which was in the precincts; and he burned the chariots of the sun with fire.
179Massoretic points read, that they should not come into the house of Jehovah,23:12 And the altars that were on the roof of the upper chamber of Ahaz, which the kings of Judah had made, and the altars which Manasseh had made in the two courts of the house of Jehovah, did the king break down, and 180beat them down from thence, and cast the dust of them into the brook Kidron.
180Or, ran from thence,23:13 And the high places that were before Jerusalem, which were on the right hand of the mount of 181corruption, which Solomon the king of Israel had builded for Ashtoreth the abomination of the Sidonians, and for Chemosh the abomination of Moab, and for Milcom the abomination of the children of Ammon, did the king defile.
181Or, destruction,23:14 And he brake in pieces the 182pillars, and cut down the Asherim, and filled their places with the bones of men.
182Or, obelisks,23:15 Moreover the altar that was at Beth-el, and the high place which Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who made Israel to sin, had made, even that altar and the high place he brake down; and he burned the high place and beat it to dust, and burned the Asherah.
23:16 And as Josiah turned himself, he spied the sepulchres that were there in the mount; and he sent, and took the bones out of the sepulchres, and burned them upon the altar, and defiled it, according to the word of Jehovah which the man of God proclaimed, who proclaimed these things.
23:17 Then he said, What monument is that which I see? And the men of the city told him, It is the sepulchre of the man of God, who came from Judah, and proclaimed these things that thou hast done against the altar of Beth-el.
23:18 And he said, Let him be; let no man move his bones. So they let his bones alone, with the bones of the prophet that came out of Samaria.
23:19 And all the houses also of the high places that were in the cities of Samaria, which the kings of Israel had made to provoke Jehovah to anger, Josiah took away, and did to them according to all the acts that he had done in Beth-el.
23:20 And he 183slew all the priests of the high places that were there, upon the altars, and burned men’s bones upon them; and he returned to Jerusalem.
183Or, sacrificed23:21 And the king commanded all the people, saying, Keep the passover unto Jehovah your God, as it is written in this book of the covenant.
23:22 Surely there was not kept such a passover from the days of the judges that judged Israel, nor in all the days of the kings of Israel, nor of the kings of Judah;
23:23 but in the eighteenth year of king Josiah was this passover kept to Jehovah in Jerusalem.
23:24 Moreover them that had familiar spirits, and the wizards, and the teraphim, and the idols, and all the abominations that were seen in the land of Judah and in Jerusalem, did Josiah put away, that he might 184confirm the words of the law that were written in the book that Hilkiah the priest found in the house of Jehovah.
184Or, perform23:25 And like unto him was there no king before him, that turned to Jehovah with all his heart, and with all his soul, and with all his might, according to all the law of Moses; neither after him arose there any like him.
23:26 Notwithstanding, Jehovah turned not from the fierceness of his great wrath, wherewith his anger was kindled against Judah, because of all the provocations wherewith Manasseh had provoked him.
23:27 And Jehovah said, I will remove Judah also out of my sight, as I have removed Israel, and I will cast off this city which I have chosen, even Jerusalem, and the house of which I said, My name shall be there.
23:28 Now the rest of the acts of Josiah, and all that he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?
23:29 In his days Pharaoh-Necoh king of Egypt went up against the king of Assyria to the river Euphrates: and king Josiah went against him; and Pharaoh-Necoh slew him at Megiddo, when he had seen him.
23:30 And his servants carried him in a chariot dead from Megiddo, and brought him to Jerusalem, and buried him in his own sepulchre. And the people of the land took Jehoahaz the son of Josiah, and anointed him, and made him king in his father’s stead.
23:31 Jehoahaz was twenty-three years old when he began to reign; and he reigned three months in Jerusalem: and his mother’s name was Hamutal the daughter of Jeremiah of Libnah.
23:32 And he did that which was evil in the sight of Jehovah, according to all that his fathers had done.
23:33 And Pharaoh-Necoh put him in bonds at Riblah in the land of Hamath, 185that he might not reign in Jerusalem; and put the land to a 186tribute of a hundred talents of silver, and a talent of gold.
185Most Hbtxt read when he reigned in Jerusalem;23:34 And Pharaoh-Necoh made Eliakim the son of Josiah king instead of Josiah his father, and changed his name to 187Jehoiakim: but he took Jehoahaz away; and he came to Egypt, and died there.
186Or, fine [3,500 kg of silver and 35 kg of gold]
187Meaning, Jehovah sets up23:35 And Jehoiakim gave the silver and the gold to Pharaoh; but he taxed the land to give the money according to the commandment of Pharaoh: he exacted the silver and the gold of the people of the land, of every one according to his taxation, to give it unto Pharaoh-Necoh.
23:36 Jehoiakim was twenty-five years old when he began to reign; and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem: and his mother’s name was Zebidah the daughter of Pedaiah of Rumah.
23:37 And he did that which was evil in the sight of Jehovah, according to all that his fathers had done.
24:1 In his days Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came up, and Jehoiakim became his servant three years: then he turned and rebelled against him.
24:2 And Jehovah sent against him bands of the Chaldeans, and bands of the Syrians, and bands of the Moabites, and bands of the children of Ammon, and sent them against Judah to destroy it, according to the word of Jehovah, which he spake by his servants the prophets.
24:3 Surely 188at the commandment of Jehovah came this upon Judah, to remove them out of his sight, for the sins of Manasseh, according to all that he did,
188Sept., (Aram.) read on account of the anger of24:4 and also for the innocent blood that he shed; for he filled Jerusalem with innocent blood: and Jehovah would not pardon.
24:5 Now the rest of the acts of Jehoiakim, and all that he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?
24:6 So Jehoiakim slept with his fathers; and Jehoiachin his son reigned in his stead.
24:7 And the king of Egypt came not again any more out of his land; for the king of Babylon had taken, from the brook of Egypt unto the river Euphrates, all that pertained to the king of Egypt.
24:8 Jehoiachin was eighteen years old when he began to reign; and he reigned in Jerusalem three months: and his mother’s name was Nehushta the daughter of Elnathan of Jerusalem.
24:9 And he did that which was evil in the sight of Jehovah, according to all that his father had done.
24:10 At that time the servants of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon 189came up to Jerusalem, and the city was besieged.
189The Babylonian account, in Nebuchadnezzar II’s 7th year, says, In the (9th) month Kislimu, the king of Akkad called up his army, marched against Syria (lit. Hattu-land), encamped against the city of Judah and seized the town on the second day of the (12th) month Adar. He captured the king. He appointed there a king of his own choice. He took much booty from it and sent it to Babylon. [J.B. Pritchard, The Ancient Near East, Vol. 1; p. 203.]24:11 And Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came unto the city, while his servants were besieging it;
24:12 and Jehoiachin the king of Judah went out to the king of Babylon, he, and his mother, and his servants, and his princes, and his 190officers: and the king of Babylon took him in the eighth year of his reign.
190Or, eunuchs: Also in vs. 15.24:13 And he carried out thence all the treasures of the house of Jehovah, and the treasures of the king’s house, and cut in pieces all the vessels of gold, which Solomon king of Israel had made in the temple of Jehovah, as Jehovah had said.
24:14 And he carried away all Jerusalem, and all the princes, and all the mighty men of valor, even ten thousand captives, and all the craftsmen and the smiths; none remained, save the poorest sort of the people of the land.
24:15 And he carried away 191Jehoiachin to Babylon; and the king’s mother, and the king’s wives, and his officers, and the 192chief men of the land, carried he into captivity from Jerusalem to Babylon.
191Some rations appointed in Babylon are given in text Babylon 28186, 10 sila of oil to Jehoiakin, the son of the king of Judah; 2½ sila of oil for the five sons of the king of Judah through Qana’a... [ANET, p. 308.] Apparently Pedaiah and another of the seven sons had already died. Cf. 1Chr 3:17.24:16 And all the men of might, even seven thousand, and the craftsmen and the smiths a thousand, all of them strong and apt for war, even them the king of Babylon brought captive to Babylon.
192Or, mighty men of the land,
24:17 And the king of Babylon made Mattaniah, jehoiachin’s father’s brother, king in his stead, and changed his name to 193Zedekiah.
193That is, Righteousness of Jehovah. Cf. 2Chr 36:1324:18 Zedekiah was twenty-one years old when he began to reign; and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem: and his mother’s name was 194Hamutal the daughter of Jeremiah of Libnah.
194Hb. Hamital24:19 And he did that which was evil in the sight of Jehovah, according to all that Jehoiakim had done.
24:20 For through the anger of Jehovah did it come to pass in Jerusalem and Judah, until he had cast them out from his presence. And Zedekiah rebelled against the king of Babylon.
25:1 And it came to pass in the ninth year of his reign, in the tenth month, in the tenth day of the month, that Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came, he and all his army, against Jerusalem, and encamped against it; and they built forts against it round about.
25:2 So the city was besieged unto the eleventh year of king Zedekiah.
25:3 On the ninth day of the fourth month the famine was sore in the city, so that there was no bread for the people of the land.
25:4 Then a breach was made in the city, and all the men of war fled by night by the way of the gate between the two walls, which was by the king’s garden; (now the Chaldeans were against the city round about;) and the king went by the way of the Arabah.
25:5 But the army of the Chaldeans pursued after the king, and overtook him in the plains of Jericho; and all his army was scattered from him.
25:6 Then they took the king, and carried him up unto the king of Babylon to Riblah; and they 195gave judgment upon him.
195Or, spake with him of judgment.25:7 And they slew the sons of Zedekiah before his eyes, and put out the eyes of Zedekiah, and bound him in fetters, and carried him to Babylon.
25:8 Now in the fifth month, on the 196seventh day of the month, which was the nineteenth year of king Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, came Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard, a servant of the king of Babylon, unto Jerusalem.
196tenth day in Jr 52:12.25:9 And he burnt the house of Jehovah, and the king’s house; and all the houses of Jerusalem, even every great house, burnt he with fire.
25:10 And all the army of the Chaldeans, that were with the captain of the guard, brake down the walls of Jerusalem round about.
25:11 And the residue of the people that were left in the city, and those that fell away, that fell to the king of Babylon, and the residue of the multitude, did Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard carry away captive.
25:12 But the captain of the guard left of the poorest of the land to be vinedressers and husbandmen.
25:13 And the pillars of copper that were in the house of Jehovah, and the bases and the copper sea that were in the house of Jehovah, did the Chaldeans break in pieces, and carried the copper of them to Babylon.
25:14 And the pots, and the shovels, and the snuffers, and the spoons, and all the vessels of copper wherewith they ministered, took they away.
25:15 And the firepans, and the basins, that which was of 197solid gold, and that which was of solid silver, the captain of the guard took away.
197Hb. gold gold, and that which was of silver silver,25:16 The two pillars, the one sea, and the bases, which Solomon had made for the house of Jehovah, the copper of all these vessels was without weight.
25:17 The height of the one pillar was eighteen cubits, and a capital of copper was upon it; and the height of the capital was 198three cubits, with network and pomegranates upon the capital round about, all of copper: and like unto these had the second pillar with network.
198five cubits in Jr 52:22 and 1Ki 7:16. 3 and 5 are somewhat similar only in paleo-Hebrew alphabetic numerics.25:18 And the captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest, and Zephaniah the second priest, and the three keepers of the threshold:
25:19 and out of the city he took an 199officer that was set over the men of war; and five men of them that saw the king’s face, who were found in the city; and the 200scribe, the captain of the host, that mustered the people of the land; and sixty men of the people of the land, that were found in the city.
199Or, eunuch25:20 And Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard took them, and brought them to the king of Babylon to Riblah.
200Or, scribe of the captain of the host,
25:21 And the king of Babylon smote them, and put them to death at Riblah in the land of Hamath. So Judah was carried away captive out of his land.
25:22 And as for the people that were left in the land of Judah, whom Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon had left, even over them he made Gedaliah the son of Ahikam, the son of Shaphan, governor.
25:23 Now when all the captains of the forces, they and their men, heard that the king of Babylon had made Gedaliah governor, they came to Gedaliah to Mizpah, even Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, and Johanan the son of Kareah, and Seraiah the son of Tanhumeth the Netophathite, and Jaazaniah the son of the Maacathite, they and their men.
25:24 And Gedaliah sware to them and to their men, and said unto them, Fear not because of the servants of the Chaldeans: dwell in the land, and serve the king of Babylon, and it shall be well with you.
25:25 But it came to pass in the seventh month, that Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, the son of Elishama, of the seed royal, came, and ten men with him, and smote Gedaliah, so that he died, and the Jews and the Chaldeans that were with him at Mizpah.
25:26 And all the people, both small and great, and the captains of the forces, arose, and came to Egypt; for they were afraid of the Chaldeans.
25:27 And it came to pass in the thirty-seventh year of the captivity of Jehoiachin king of Judah, in the twelfth month, on the twenty-seventh day of the month, that 201Evil-merodach king of Babylon, 202in the year that he began to reign, did lift up the head of Jehoiachin king of Judah out of prison;
201That is, Amel-Marduk (who succeeded Nebuchadnezzar II and reigned two years).25:28 and he spake kindly to him, and set his throne above the throne of the kings that were with him in Babylon,
202That is, in his accession year (or, year zero). His first year begins the following Nisan 1, near the Spring equinox. Contrast with 1Sa 13:1.
25:29 and changed his prison garments. And Jehoiachin did eat bread before him continually all the days of his life:
25:30 and 203for his allowance, there was a continual allowance given him of the king, every day a portion, all the days of his life.
203Regarding an allowance, see note on Jr 52:34.