1Gk. bondservant1:2 which he promised afore through his prophets in the holy scriptures,
2Gk. good tidings and so elsewhere. See marginal note on Mt 4:23.
1:3 concerning his Son, who was born of the seed of David according to the flesh,
1:4 who was 3declared to be the Son of God 4with power, according to the spirit of holiness, by the resurrection 5from the dead; even Jesus Christ our Lord,
3Gk. determined1:5 through whom we received grace and apostleship, unto obedience 6of faith among all the 7nations, for his name’s sake;
5Or, of the dead;
6Or, to the faith1:6 among whom are ye also, called to be Jesus Christ’s:
1:7 to all that are in Rome, beloved of God, 8called to be saints: Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.
8Or, saints who are called:1:8 First, I thank my God through Jesus Christ for you all, 9that your faith is proclaimed throughout the whole world.
9Or, because1:9 For God is my witness, whom I serve in my spirit in the gospel of his son, how unceasingly I make mention of you, always in my prayers
1:10 making request, if by any means now at length I may be prospered 10by the will of God to come unto you.
10Gk. in1:11 For I long to see you, that I may impart unto you some spiritual gift, to the end ye may be established;
1:12 that is, that I with you may be comforted 11in you, each of us by the other’s faith, both yours and mine.
11Or, among (and both times in vs. 13)1:13 And I would not have you ignorant, brethren, that oftentimes I purposed to come unto you (and was hindered hitherto), that I might have some fruit in you also, even as in the rest of the Gentiles.
1:14 I am debtor both to Greeks and to Barbarians, both to the wise and to the foolish.
1:15 So, as much as in me is, I am ready to 12preach the gospel to you also that are in Rome.
12Gk. bring good tidings Compare ch. 10:15f.1:16 For I am not ashamed of the gospel: for it is the power of God unto salvation to everyone that believeth; to the Jew first, and also to the Greek.
1:17 For therein is revealed a righteousness of God from faith unto faith: as it is written, 13But the righteous shall live 14by faith.
13Hab 2:4.1:18 For 15the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who 16hinder the truth in unrighteousness;
14Gk. from faith.
15Gk. a wrath1:19 because that which is known of God is manifest in them; for God manifested it unto them.
16Or, hold the truth Compare 1Co 7:30 (Gk.).
1:20 For the invisible things of him since the creation of the world are clearly seen, being perceived through the things that are made, even his everlasting power and 17divine nature; 18that they may be without excuse:
17Or, divinity; or, divine attributes;1:21 because that, knowing God, they glorified him not as God, neither gave thanks; but became vain in their reasonings, and their senseless heart was darkened.
18Or, so that they are
1:22 Professing themselves to be wise, they became foolish,
1:23 and changed the glory of the incorruptible God for the likeness of an image of corruptible man, and of birds, and four-footed beasts, and creeping things.
1:24 Wherefore God gave them up in the lusts of their hearts unto uncleanness, that their bodies should be dishonored among themselves:
1:25 for that they exchanged the truth of God for a lie, and worshipped and served the creature rather than the Creator, who is blessed 19for ever. Amen.
19Gk. unto the ages.1:26 For this cause God gave them up unto 20vile passions: for their women changed the natural use into that which is against nature:
20Gk. passions of dishonor:1:27 and likewise also the men, leaving the natural use of the woman, burned in their lust one toward another, male with male working unseemliness, and receiving in themselves that recompense of their error which was due.
1:28 And even as they 21refused to have God in their knowledge, God gave them up unto a reprobate mind, to do those things which are not fitting;
21Gk. did not approve1:29 being filled with all unrighteousness, maliciousness, wickedness, covetousness, full of envy, murder, strife, deceit, malignity; whisperers,
1:30 backbiters, 22hateful to God, insolent, haughty, boastful, inventors of evil things, disobedient to parents,
22Or, haters of God,1:31 without understanding, covenant-breakers, without natural affection, unmerciful:
1:32 who, knowing the ordinance of God, that they that practice such things are worthy of death, not only do the same, but also consent with them that practice them.
2:1 Wherefore thou art without excuse, O man, whosoever thou art that judgest: for wherein thou judgest 23another, thou condemnest thyself; for thou that judgest dost practice the same things.
23Gk. the other,2:2 And we know that the judgment of God is according to truth against them that practice such things.
2:3 And reckonest thou this, O man, who judgest them that practice such things, and doest the same, that thou shalt escape the judgment of God?
2:4 Or despisest thou the riches of his goodness and forbearance and longsuffering, not knowing that the goodness of God leadeth thee to repentance?
2:5 but after thy hardness and impenitent heart treasurest up for thyself wrath in the day of wrath and revelation of the righteous judgment of God;
2:6 who will render to every man according to his works:
2:7 to them that by 24patience in well-doing seek for glory and honor and incorruption, shall be eternal life:
24Or, stedfastness (American, steadfastness)2:8 but unto them that are factious, and obey not the truth, but obey unrighteousness, shall be wrath and indignation,
2:9 tribulation and anguish, upon every soul of man that worketh evil, of the Jew first, and also of the Greek;
2:10 but glory and honor and peace to every man that worketh good, to the Jew first, and also to the Greek:
2:11 for there is no respect of persons with God.
2:12 For as many as 25have sinned without the law shall also perish without the law: and as many as have sinned under the law shall be judged by the law;
25Gk. sinned (both times)2:13 for not the hearers of the law are 26just before God, but the doers of the law shall be 27justified;
26Or, righteous2:14 (for when Gentiles that have not the law do by nature the things of the law, these, not having the law, are a law unto themselves;
27Or, accounted righteous; and so elsewhere.
2:15 in that they show the work of the law written in their hearts, their conscience bearing witness therewith, and 28their 29thoughts one with another accusing or else excusing them);
28Or, their thoughts accusing or else excusing them one with another);2:16 in the day when God 30shall judge the secrets of men, according to my gospel, by Jesus Christ.
29Or, reasonings 2Co 10:5.
30Or, judgeth2:17 But if thou bearest the name of a Jew, and restest upon the law, and gloriest in God,
2:18 and knowest 31his will, and 32approvest the things that are excellent, being instructed out of the law,
31Or, the Will,2:19 and art confident that thou thyself art a guide of the blind, a light of them that are in darkness,
32Or, dost distinguish the things that differ,
2:20 33a corrector of the foolish, a teacher of babes, having in the law the form of knowledge and of the truth;
33Or, an instructor2:21 thou therefore that teachest another, teachest thou not thyself? thou that preachest a man should not steal, dost thou steal?
2:22 thou that sayest a man should not commit adultery, dost thou commit adultery? thou that abhorest idols, dost thou rob temples?
2:23 thou who gloriest in the law, through thy transgression of the law dishonorest thou God?
2:24 For the name of God is blasphemed among the Gentiles because of you, 34even as it is written.
34Is 52:5.2:25 For circumcision indeed profiteth, if thou be a doer of the law: but if thou be a transgressor of the law, thy circumcision is become uncircumcision.
2:26 If therefore the uncircumcision keep the ordinances of the law, shall not his uncircumcision be reckoned for circumcision?
2:27 and shall not the uncircumcision which is by nature, if it fulfil the law, judge thee, who with the letter and circumcision art a transgressor of the law?
2:28 For he is not a Jew who is one outwardly; neither is that circumcision which is outward in the flesh:
2:29 but he is a Jew who is one inwardly; and circumcision is that of the heart, in the spirit, not in the letter; whose praise is not of men, but of God.
3:1 What advantage then hath the Jew? or what is the profit of circumcision?
3:2 Much every way: first of all, that they were entrusted with the oracles of God.
3:3 For what if some were without faith? shall their want of faith make of none effect the faithfulness of God?
3:4 35Be it not so: yes, let God be found true, but every man a liar; as it is written, 36That thou mightest be justified in thy words, And mightest prevail when thou comest into judgment.
35Lit. May it not come to be: And so everywhere.3:5 But if our unrighteousness commendeth the righteousness of God, what shall we say? Is God unrighteous who visiteth with wrath? (I speak after the manner of men.)
3:6 Be it not so: for then how shall God judge the world?
3:7 37But if the truth of God through my lie abounded unto his glory, why am I also still judged as a sinner?
37So ℵA 81 1506 copbo. B 1739 33 1175 and a majority of lesser Gk. mss., copsa vg read For3:8 and why not (as we are slanderously reported, and as some affirm that we say), Let us do evil, that good may come? whose condemnation is just.
3:9 What then? are we better than they? No, in no wise: for we before laid to the charge both of Jews and Greeks, that they are all under sin;
3:10 as it is written, 38There is none righteous, no, not one;
38Ps 14:1ff; 53:1ff.3:11 There is none that understandeth, There is none that seeketh after God;
3:12 They have all turned aside, they are together become unprofitable; There is none that doeth good, no, not so much as one:
3:13 39Their throat is an open sepulchre; With their tongues they have used deceit: 40The poison of asps is under their lips:
39Ps 5:9.3:14 41Whose mouth is full of cursing and bitterness:
41Ps 10:7.3:15 42Their feet are swift to shed blood;
42Is 59:7f.3:16 Destruction and misery are in their ways;
3:17 And the way of peace have they not known:
3:18 43There is no fear of God before their eyes.
43Ps 36:1.3:19 Now we know that what things soever the law saith, it speaketh to them that are under the law; that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may be brought under the judgment of God:
3:20 because 44by 45the works of the law shall no flesh be 46justified in his sight; for 47through the law cometh the knowledge of sin.
44Gk. out of3:21 But now apart from the law, a righteousness of God hath been manifested, being witnessed by the law and the prophets;
45Or, works of law so also in vs. 28.
46Or, accounted righteous
47Or, through law
3:22 even the righteousness of God through faith 48in Jesus Christ unto all them that believe; for there is no distinction;
48Or, of so also in vs. 26.3:23 for all 49have sinned, and fall short of the 50glory of God;
49Gk. sinned,3:24 being justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus:
50Lit. unmerited favor And so everywhere except Jas 1:11. Gk. χαρις, χαριτα, (Engl. cognates grace, charity). See Thayer’s lexicon.
3:25 whom God set forth 51to be an atonement, through faith, in his blood, to show his righteousness because of the passing over of the sins done aforetime, in the forbearance of God;
51Lit. to be a mercy seat, or, to be a propitiatory,3:26 for the showing, I say, of his righteousness at this present season: that he might himself be 52just, and justifying he who is of faith in Jesus.
52See ch. 2:13 margin.3:27 Where then is the glorying? It is excluded. By what kind of law? of works? No: but by a law of faith.
3:28 53For we reckon that a man is justified by faith apart from the works of the law.
53So ℵA 1739 81 1506 cop vg. BC 33 and a majority of lesser Gk. mss. read We reckon therefore3:29 Or is God the God of Jews only? is he not the God of Gentiles also? Yes, of Gentiles also:
3:30 if so be that God is one, and he shall justify the circumcision 54by faith, and the uncircumcision 55through the faith.
54Gk. out of faith, Gal 3:8.3:31 Do we then make the law of none effect through the faith? Be it not so: no, we establish the law.
55Or, through faith. so also in vs. 31.
4:1 What then shall we say 56that Abraham, 57our forefather according to the flesh, hath found?
56So ℵ*C*A 81 1506 copsa,(bo) arm. B (1739) read of Abraham, our forefather according to the flesh?4:2 For if Abraham was justified 58by works, he hath whereof to glory; but not toward God.
57Or, our forefather, hath found according to the flesh?
58Gk. out of works,4:3 For what saith the scripture? 59And Abraham believed God, and it was reckoned unto him for righteousness.
59Ge 15:6.4:4 Now to him that worketh, the reward is not reckoned as of grace, but as of debt.
4:5 But to him that worketh not, but believeth on him that justifieth the ungodly, his faith is reckoned for righteousness.
4:6 Even as David also pronounceth blessing upon the man, unto whom God reckoneth righteousness apart from works,
4:7 saying, 60Blessed are they whose iniquities are forgiven, and whose sins are covered.
60Ps 32:1f.4:8 Blessed is the man to whom the Lord will not reckon sin.
4:9 Is this blessing then pronounced upon the circumcision, or upon the uncircumcision also? for we say, To Abraham his faith was reckoned for righteousness.
4:10 How then was it reckoned? when he was in circumcision, or in uncircumcision? Not in circumcision, but in uncircumcision:
4:11 and he received the sign of circumcision, a seal of the righteousness of the faith which he had while he was in uncircumcision: that he might be the father of all them that believe, though they be in uncircumcision, that righteousness might be reckoned unto them;
4:12 and the father of circumcision to them who not only are of the circumcision, but who also walk in the steps of that faith of our father Abraham which he had in uncircumcision.
4:13 For not through the law was the promise to Abraham or to his seed that he should be heir of the world, but through the righteousness of faith.
4:14 For if they that are of the law are heirs, faith is made void, and the promise is made of none effect:
4:15 for the law worketh wrath; but where there is no law, neither is there transgression.
4:16 For this cause it is of faith, that it may be according to grace; to the end that the promise may be sure to all the seed; not to that only which is of the law, but to that also which is of the faith of Abraham, who is the father of us all
4:17 (as it is written, 61A father of many nations have I made thee) before him whom he believed, even God, who giveth life to the dead, and calleth the things that are not, as though they already were.
61Ge 17:5.4:18 Who in hope believed against hope, to the end that he might become a father of many nations, according to that which had been spoken, 62So shall thy seed be.
62Ge 15:5.4:19 And without being weakened in faith he considered his own body 63now as good as dead (he being about a hundred years old), and the deadness of Sarah’s 64womb;
63So ℵCA 33 81 1506 and most lesser Gk. mss., copbo arm. B 1739 1881 copsa vg omit now4:20 yet, looking unto the promise of God, he wavered not through unbelief, but waxed strong through faith, giving glory to God,
64Or, womb: yes, etc.
4:21 and being fully assured that what he had promised, he was able also to perform.
4:22 Wherefore also it was reckoned unto him for righteousness.
4:23 Now it was not written for his sake alone, that it was reckoned unto him;
4:24 but for our sake also, unto whom it shall be reckoned, who believe on him that raised Jesus our Lord from the dead,
4:25 who was delivered up for our trespasses, and was raised for our justification.
5:1 Being therefore justified 65by faith, 66let us have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ;
65Gk. out of faith,5:2 through whom also we have had our access 67by faith into this grace wherein we stand; and 68we 69rejoice in hope of the glory of God.
66So ℵ*B*CA 33 81 copbo vg. ℵa 0220vid 1739 copsa read we have peace
67So ℵ*C 1739 33 81 1506 copbo arm vg. B 0220 D copsa omit by faith5:3 And not only so, but 70we also rejoice in our tribulations: knowing that tribulation worketh stedfastness;
68Or, let us rejoice
69Gk. glory And in vss. 3, 11. See Hb 3:6.
70Or, let us also rejoice5:4 and stedfastness, approvedness; and approvedness, hope:
5:5 and hope putteth us not to shame; because the love of God hath been 71shed abroad in our hearts through the Holy Spirit which was given unto us.
71Gk. poured out5:6 For while we were yet weak, in due season Christ died for the ungodly.
5:7 For scarcely for a righteous man will one die: for peradventure for the good man someone would even dare to die.
5:8 But God 72commendeth his own love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us.
72Or, exhibiteth5:9 Much more then, being now justified by his blood, shall we be saved from 73wrath through him.
73Or, the wrath of Eden or, the wrath of God5:10 For if, while we were enemies, we were reconciled to God through the death of his Son, much more, being reconciled, shall we be saved 74by his life;
74Gk. in5:11 and not only so, 75but we also rejoice in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom we have now received the reconciliation.
75Gk. but also glorying Compare vs. 2.5:12 Therefore, as through one man sin entered into the world, and death through sin; and so death passed unto all men, for that all sinned:
5:13 (for until the law sin was in the world; but sin is not imputed when there is no law.
5:14 Nevertheless death reigned from Adam until Moses, even over them that had not sinned after the likeness of Adam’s transgression, who is a type of him that was to come.
5:15 76But even so the free gift is not like the trespass. For if by the trespass of the one the many died, much more did the grace of God, and the gift by the grace of the one man, Jesus Christ, abound unto the many.
76Lit. But not as the trespass, even so is the free gift.5:16 And not as through one that sinned, so is the gift: for the judgment cometh of one unto condemnation, but the free gift cometh of many trespasses unto 77justification.
77Gk. an act of righteousness. Rv 15:4; 19:8.5:17 For if, by the trespass of the one, death reigned through the one; much more shall they that receive the abundance of grace and 78of the gift of righteousness reign in life through the one, even Jesus Christ.)
78B copsa almost alone omit of the gift5:18 So then as through one trespass condemnation cometh unto all men; even so through one act of righteousness justification of life cometh unto all men.
5:19 For as through the one man’s disobedience the many were made sinners, even so through the obedience of the one shall the many be made righteous.
5:20 And the law came in besides, that the trespass might abound; but where sin abounded, grace did abound more exceedingly:
5:21 that, as sin reigned in death, even so might grace reign through righteousness unto eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.
6:1 What shall we say then? Shall we continue in sin, that grace may abound?
6:2 Be it not so! We who died to sin, how shall we any longer live therein?
6:3 Or are ye ignorant that all we who were baptized into Christ Jesus were baptized into his death?
6:4 We were buried therefore with him through baptism into death: that like as Christ was raised from the dead through the glory of the Father, so we also might walk in newness of life.
6:5 For if we have become 79united with him in the likeness of his death, we shall be also in the likeness of his resurrection;
79Or, united with the likeness ... with the likeness6:6 knowing this, that our old man was crucified with him, that the body of sin might be done away, that so we should no longer be in bondage to sin:
6:7 for he that hath died is 80justified from sin.
80Or, released Compare Apocrypha Ecclus 26:29 (Gk.); also ch. 7:1.6:8 But if we died with Christ, we believe that we shall also live with him;
6:9 knowing that Christ being raised from the dead dieth no more; death no more hath dominion over him.
6:10 For 81the death that he died, he died unto sin once for all: but the life that he liveth, he liveth unto God.
81Or, in that death, ... in that life,6:11 Even so reckon ye also yourselves to be dead unto sin, but alive unto God in Christ Jesus.
6:12 Let not sin therefore reign in your mortal body, that ye should obey the lusts thereof:
6:13 neither present your members unto sin as 82weapons of unrighteousness; but present yourselves unto God, as alive from the dead, and your members as weapons of righteousness unto God.
82Or, instruments (both times). Compare 2Co 10:4.6:14 For sin shall not have dominion over you: for ye are not under law, but under grace.
6:15 What then? shall we sin, because we are not under law, but under grace? Be it not so.
6:16 Know ye not, that to whom ye present yourselves as 83servants unto obedience, his servants ye are whom ye obey; whether of sin unto death, or of obedience unto righteousness?
83Gk. bondservants (both times). and in vss. 17-22.6:17 But thanks be to God, 84that, whereas ye were servants of sin, ye became obedient from the heart to that 85form of teaching whereunto ye were delivered;
84Or, that ye were ... but ye became6:18 and being made free from sin, ye became servants of righteousness.
85Or, form or, pattern Compare Hb 8:5.
6:19 I speak after the manner of men because of the infirmity of your flesh: for as ye presented your members as servants to uncleanness and to iniquity unto iniquity, even so now present your members as servants to righteousness unto sanctification.
6:20 For when ye were servants of sin, ye were free in regard of righteousness.
6:21 What fruit then had ye at that time in the things whereof ye are now ashamed? for the end of those things is death.
6:22 But now being made free from sin and become servants to God, ye have your fruit unto sanctification, and the end is eternal life.
6:23 For the wages of sin is death; but the free gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.
7:1 Or are ye ignorant, brethren (for I speak to men who know law), that the law hath dominion over a man for so long a time as he liveth?
7:2 For the woman that hath a husband is bound by the law to the husband while he liveth; but if the husband die, she is discharged from the law of the husband.
7:3 So then if, while the husband liveth, she be joined to another man, she shall be called an adulteress: but if the husband die, she is free from the law, so that she is no adulteress, though she be joined to another man.
7:4 Wherefore, my brethren, ye also were made dead to the law through the body of Christ; that ye should be joined to another, even to him who was raised from the dead, that we might bring forth fruit unto God.
7:5 For when we were in the flesh, the 86sinful passions, which were through the law, wrought in our members to bring forth fruit unto death.
86Gk. passions of sins7:6 But now we have been discharged from the law, having died to that wherein we were held; so that we serve in newness of the spirit, and not in oldness of the letter.
7:7 What shall we say then? Is the law sin? Be it not so. Howbeit, I had not known sin, except through the law: for I had not known 87coveting, except the law had said, 88Thou shalt not covet:
87Or, lust, so also in vs. 8.7:8 but sin, finding occasion, wrought in me through the commandment all manner of coveting: for apart from the law sin is dead.
88Ex 20:17; Dt 5:21.
7:9 And I was alive apart from the law once: but when the commandment came, sin revived, and I died;
7:10 and the commandment, which was unto life, this I found to be unto death:
7:11 for sin, finding occasion, through the commandment beguiled me, and through it slew me.
7:12 So that the law is holy, and the commandment is holy, and righteous, and good.
7:13 Did then that which is good become death unto me? Be it not so. But it was sin, that it might be shown to be sin, by working death to me through that which is good; that through the commandment sin might become exceeding sinful.
7:14 For we know that the law is spiritual: but I am carnal, sold under sin.
7:15 For that which I 89do I know not: for not what I would, that do I practice; but what I hate, that I do.
89Gk. work so also in vss. 17-21.7:16 But if what I would not, that I do, I consent unto the law that it is good.
7:17 So now it is no more I that do it, but sin which dwelleth in me.
7:18 For I know that in me, that is, in my flesh, dwelleth no good thing: for to will is present with me, but to do that which is good is not.
7:19 For the good which I would I do not: but the evil which I would not, that I practice.
7:20 But if what I would not, that I do, it is no more I that do it, but sin which dwelleth in me.
7:21 I find then 90the law, that, to me who would do good, evil is present.
90Or, in regard of the law, Compare vs. 12, 14.7:22 For I delight 91in the law of God after the inward man:
91Gk. with7:23 but I see a different law in my members, warring against the law of my mind, and bringing me into captivity 92under the law of sin which is in my members.
92Gk. in So ℵB 33 vg. C(A) 1739 81 1506 read to7:24 Wretched man that I am! who shall deliver me out of 93the body of this death?
93Or, this body of death?7:25 94But thanks be to God through Jesus Christ our Lord. So then I of myself with the mind, indeed, serve the law of God; but with the flesh the law of sin.
94So ℵa(B) 33 81 1506 cop(sa),bo arm. ℵ*A 1175 and a majority of lesser Gk. mss., read I thank God[Rom 8]
8:1 There is therefore now no condemnation to them that are in Christ Jesus.
8:2 For the law of the spirit of life in Christ Jesus made me free from the law of sin and of death.
8:3 For what the law could not do, 95in that it was weak through the flesh, God, sending his own Son in the likeness of 96sinful flesh 97and for a sin-offering, condemned sin in the flesh:
95Or, wherein8:4 that the 98ordinance of the law might be fulfilled in us, who walk not after the flesh, but after the spirit.
96Gk. flesh of sin
97Or, and for sin, Compare Lv 7:37ff.; Hb 10:6ff.
98Or, requirement8:5 For they that are after the flesh mind the things of the flesh; but they that are after the spirit the things of the spirit.
8:6 For the mind of the flesh is death; but the mind of the spirit is life and peace:
8:7 because the mind of the flesh is enmity against God; for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can it be:
8:8 and they that are in the flesh cannot please God.
8:9 But ye are not in the flesh but in the spirit, if so be that the Spirit of God dwelleth in you. But if any man hath not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of his.
8:10 And if Christ is in you, the body is dead because of sin; but the spirit is life because of righteousness.
8:11 But if the Spirit of him that raised up Jesus from the dead dwelleth in you, he that raised up Christ Jesus from the dead shall give life also to your mortal bodies 99through his Spirit that dwelleth in you.
99So ℵCA 81 1506 copsa,bo arm. B 1739 33 and a majority of lesser Gk. mss., vg read because of8:12 So then, brethren, we are debtors, not to the flesh, to live after the flesh:
8:13 for if ye live after the flesh, ye must die; but if by the spirit ye put to death the 100deeds of the body, ye shall live.
100Gk. doings8:14 For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, these are sons of God.
8:15 For ye received not the spirit of bondage again unto fear; but ye received the spirit of 101placement as sons, whereby we cry, Abba, Father.
101See marginal note on Ga 4:5. Cf. vs. 23.8:16 The Spirit itself beareth witness with our spirit, that we are children of God:
8:17 and if children, then heirs; heirs of God, and joint-heirs with Christ; if so be that we suffer with him, that we may be also glorified with him.
8:18 For I reckon that the sufferings of this present time are not worthy to be compared with the glory which shall be revealed toward us.
8:19 For the earnest expectation of the creation waiteth for the revealing of the sons of God.
8:20 For the creation was subjected to vanity – not of its own will, but by reason of him who subjected it – 102in hope
102Or, in hope; because the creation etc.8:21 that the creation itself also shall be delivered from the bondage of corruption into the liberty of the glory of the children of God.
8:22 For we know that the whole creation groaneth and travaileth in pain 103together until now.
103Or, with us8:23 And not only so, but ourselves also, who have the first-fruits of the spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves, waiting for our placement as sons, to wit, the 104redemption of our body.
104Or, deliverance8:24 For 105in hope were we saved: but hope that is seen is not hope: 106for what a man seeth, doth he also 107hope for?
105Or, by8:25 But if we hope for that which we see not, then do we with 108patience wait for it.
106So p(27vid),46 B*(ℵ* 1739) copbo. CA 33 81 1506 and most lesser Gk. mss., copsa (vg) read for who hopeth also for that which he seeth?
107ℵ*A copsa,bo almost alone read patiently wait for?
108Or, stedfastness8:26 And in like manner the Spirit also helpeth our infirmity: for we know not how to pray as we ought; but the Spirit itself maketh intercession for us with groanings which cannot be uttered;
8:27 and he that searcheth the hearts knoweth what is the mind of the Spirit, 109because it maketh intercession for the saints according to the will of God.
109Or, that8:28 And we know that to them that love God 110all things work together for good, even to them that are called according to his purpose.
110So ℵC 1739 33 1506 copbo arm vg. p46 BA 81 copsa almost alone read God worketh all things with them for good,8:29 For whom he foreknew, he also foreordained to be conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brethren:
8:30 and whom he foreordained, them he also called: and whom he called, them he also justified: and whom he justified, them he also glorified.
8:31 What then shall we say to these things? If God is for us, who is against us?
8:32 He that spared not his own Son, but delivered him up for us all, how shall he not also with him freely give us all things?
8:33 Who shall lay anything to the charge of God’s elect? 111It is God that justifieth;
111Or, Shall God that justifieth?8:34 who is he that condemneth? 112It is Christ Jesus that died, yes rather, that was raised 113from the dead, who is at the right hand of God, who also maketh intercession for us.
112Or, Shall Christ Jesus that died, ... for us?8:35 Who shall separate us from the love 114of Christ? shall tribulation, or anguish, or persecution, or famine, or nakedness, or peril, or sword?
113p27vid,46ℵaB 1739 arm vg omit from the dead But ℵ*,bAC 33 81 copsa,bo add from the dead
114So C 1739 33 81 and most, copbo arm vg. ℵ 1506 copsa read of God. B alone reads of God which is in Christ.8:36 Even as it is written, 115For thy sake we are killed all the day long; We were accounted as sheep for the slaughter.
115Ps 44:22.8:37 No, in all these things we are more than conquerors through him that loved us.
8:38 For I am persuaded, that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor things present, nor things to come, nor powers,
8:39 nor height, nor depth, nor any other 116creature, shall be able to separate us from the love of God, which is in Christ Jesus our Lord.
116Or, creation,[Rom 9]
9:1 I say the truth in Christ, I lie not, my conscience bearing witness with me in the Holy Spirit,
9:2 that I have great sorrow and unceasing pain in my heart.
9:3 For I was praying that I myself were anathema from Christ for my brethren’s sake, my kinsmen according to the flesh:
9:4 who are Israelites; whose is the placement as sons, and the glory, and 117the covenants, and the giving of the law, and the service of God, and the promises;
117So ℵC 1739 33 81 1506 copbo arm vg. p46 B copsa read the covenant,9:5 whose are the fathers, and of whom is Christ as concerning the 118flesh, who is over all, 119God blessed 120for ever. Amen
118Or, flesh; he who is over all. God be blessed for ever.9:6 But it is not as though the word of God hath come to nought. For they are not all Israel, that are of Israel:
119Lit. a god
120Gk. unto the ages.
9:7 neither, because they are Abraham’s seed, are they all children: but 121In Isaac shall thy seed be called.
121 Ge 21:12.9:8 That is, it is not the children of the flesh that are children of God; but the children of the promise are reckoned for a seed.
9:9 For this is the word of promise, 122According to this season will I come, and Sarah shall have a son,
122 Ge 18:10.9:10 And not only so; but Rebecca also having conceived by one, even by our father Isaac;
9:11 for the children being not yet born, neither having done anything good or bad, that the purpose of God according to election might stand, not of works, but of him that calleth,
9:12 it was said unto her, 123The elder shall serve the younger.
123 Ge 25:23.9:13 Even as it is written, 124Jacob I loved, but Esau I hated.
124 Mal 1:2f.9:14 What shall we say then? Is there unrighteousness with God? Be it not so.
9:15 For he saith to Moses, 125I will have mercy on whom I have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I have compassion.
125 Ex 33:19.9:16 So then it is not of him that willeth, nor of him that runneth, but of God that hath mercy.
9:17 For the scripture saith unto Pharaoh, 126For this very purpose did I raise thee up, that I might show in thee my power, and that my name might be published abroad in all the earth.
126Ex 9:16.9:18 So then he hath mercy on whom he will, and whom he will he hardeneth.
9:19 Thou wilt say then unto me, Why doth he still find fault? For who withstandeth his will?
9:20 No but, O man, who art thou that repliest against God? Shall the thing formed say to him that formed it, Why didst thou make me thus?
9:21 Or hath not the potter a right over the clay, from the same lump to make one part a vessel unto honor, and another unto dishonor?
9:22 What if God, 127willing to show his wrath, and to make his power known, endured with much longsuffering vessels of wrath fitted unto destruction:
127Or, although willing9:23 128and that he might make known the riches of his glory upon vessels of mercy, which he afore prepared unto glory,
128So p46vid ℵA 1739 33 81 1506 and most lesser Gk. mss. B copsa arm vg omit and9:24 even us, whom he also called, not from the Jews only, but also from the Gentiles?
9:25 As he saith also in Hosea, 129I will call that my people, which was not my people; And her beloved, that was not beloved.
129Hos 2:23.9:26 130And it shall be, that in the place where it was said unto them, Ye are not my people, There shall they be called sons of the living God.
130Hos 1:10.9:27 And Isaiah crieth concerning Israel, 131If the number of the sons of Israel be as the sand of the sea, it is the remnant that shall be saved:
131Is 10:22f.9:28 for finishing it and cutting it short, the Lord will perform his word upon the earth.
9:29 And, as Isaiah hath said before, 132Except the Lord of 133Hosts had left us a seed, We had become as Sodom, and had been made like unto Gomorrah.
132Is 1:9.9:30 What shall we say then? That the Gentiles, who followed not after righteousness, even the righteousness which is of faith:
133Gk. Sabaoth (Hb. word, meaning hosts).
9:31 but Israel, following after a law of righteousness, did not arrive at that law.
9:32 Wherefore? 134Because they sought it not by faith, but as it were by works. They stumbled at the stone of stumbling;
134Or, Because doing it not by faith, but as it were by works, they stumbled at etc.9:33 even as it is written, 135Behold, I lay in Zion a stone of stumbling and a rock of offence: And he that believeth on 136him shall not be put to shame.
135Is 28:16.[Rom 10]
10:1 Brethren, my heart’s 137desire and my supplication to God is for them, that they may be saved.
137Gk. good pleasure10:2 For I bear them witness that they have a zeal for God, but not according to knowledge.
10:3 For being ignorant of God’s righteousness, and seeking to establish their own, they did not subject themselves to the righteousness of God.
10:4 For Christ is the end of the law unto righteousness to everyone that believeth.
10:5 For Moses writeth that 138the man that doeth the righteousness which is of the law shall live thereby.
138Lv 18:5.10:6 But the righteousness which is of faith saith thus, 139Say not in thy heart, Who shall ascend into heaven? (that is, to bring Christ down:)
139Dt 30:12f.10:7 or, Who shall descend into the abyss? (that is, to bring Christ up from the dead.)
10:8 But what saith it? 140The word is nigh thee, in thy mouth, and in thy heart: that is, the word of faith, which we preach:
140Dt 30:14.10:9 141because if thou shalt 142confess with thy mouth Jesus as Lord, and shalt believe in thy heart that God raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved:
141Or, that10:10 for with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation.
142So ℵ 1739 33 (p46A) and most, copbo vg. B (81) copsa read confess the word with thy mouth that Jesus is Lord,
10:11 For the scripture saith, 143Whosoever believeth on him shall not be put to shame.
143Is 28:16.10:12 For there is no distinction between Jew and Greek: for the same Lord is Lord of all, and is rich unto all that call upon him:
10:13 for, 144Whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved.
144Joel 2:32.10:14 How then shall they call on him in whom they have not believed? and how shall they hear without a preacher?
10:15 and how shall they preach, except they be sent? even as it is written, 145How beautiful are the feet of them that bring 146glad tidings of good things!
145Is 52:7.10:16 But they did not all hearken to the 147glad tidings. For Isaiah saith, 148Lord, who hath believed our report?
146Or, a gospel of good things!
147Or, gospel.10:17 So belief cometh of hearing, and hearing by the word of Christ.
10:18 But I say, Did they not hear? Yes, truly, 149Their sound went out into all the earth, And their words unto the ends of 150the world.
149Ps 19:4.10:19 But I say, Did Israel not know? First Moses saith, 151I will provoke you to jealousy with that which is no nation, With a nation void of understanding will I anger you.
150Gk. the inhabited earth.
151Dt 32:21.10:20 And Isaiah is very bold, and saith, 152I was found of them that sought me not; I became manifest unto them that asked not of me.
152Is 65:1.10:21 But as to Israel he saith, 153All the day long did I spread out my hands unto a disobedient and gainsaying people.
153Is 65:2.[Rom 11]
11:1 I say then, Did God cast off his people? Be it not so. For I also am an Israelite, of the seed of Abraham, of the tribe of Benjamin.
11:2 God did not cast off his people which he foreknew. Or know ye not what the scripture 154saith 155of Elijah? how he pleadeth with God against Israel:
1541Ki 19:10.11:3 Lord, they have killed thy prophets, they have digged down thine altars; and I am left alone, and they seek my soul.
11:4 But what 156saith the answer of God unto him? I have left for myself seven thousand men, who have not bowed the knee to Baal.
1561Ki 19:18.11:5 Even so then at this present time also there is a remnant according to the election of grace.
11:6 But if it is by grace, it is no more of works: otherwise grace comes to be no more grace.
11:7 What then? That which Israel seeketh for, that he obtained not; but the election obtained it, and the rest were hardened:
11:8 according as it is written, 157God gave them a spirit of stupor, eyes that they should not see, and ears that they should not hear, unto this very day.
157Is 29:10; Dt 29:4.11:9 And David saith, 158Let their table be made a snare, and a trap, And a stumblingblock, and a recompense unto them:
158Ps 69:22f.11:10 Let their eyes be darkened, that they may not see, And bow thou down their back always.
11:11 I say then, Did they stumble that they might fall? Be it not so: but by their 159fall salvation cometh unto the Gentiles, to provoke them to jealousy.
159Or, trespass Compare ch. 5:15ff.11:12 Now if their fall is the riches of the world, and their loss the riches of the Gentiles; how much more their fulness?
11:13 But I speak to you that are Gentiles. Inasmuch then as I am an apostle of Gentiles, I glorify my ministry;
11:14 if by any means I may provoke to jealousy them that are my flesh, and may save some of them.
11:15 For if the casting away of them is the reconciling of the world, what shall the receiving of them be, but life from the dead?
11:16 And if the firstfruit is holy, so is the lump: and if the root is holy, so are the branches.
11:17 But if some of the branches were broken off, and thou, being a wild olive, wast grafted in among them, and didst become partaker with them 160of the root of the fatness of the olive tree;
160So ℵ*BC 1506 (copsa,bo). A 1739 33 81 and a majority of lesser Gk. mss., arm vg read of the root and of the fatness p46 reads of the fatness11:18 glory not over the branches: but if thou gloriest, it is not thou that bearest the root, but the root thee.
11:19 Thou wilt say then, Branches were broken off, that I might be grafted in.
11:20 Well; by their unbelief they were broken off, and thou standest by thy faith. Be not high-minded, but fear:
11:21 for if God spared not the natural branches, neither will he spare thee.
11:22 Behold then the goodness and severity of God: toward them that fell, severity; but toward thee, God’s goodness, if thou continue in his goodness: otherwise thou also shalt be cut off.
11:23 And they also, if they continue not in their unbelief, shall be grafted in: for God is able to graft them in again.
11:24 For if thou wast cut out of that which is by nature a wild olive tree, and wast grafted contrary to nature into a good olive tree; how much more shall these which are the natural branches, be grafted into their own olive tree?
11:25 For I would not, brethren, have you ignorant of this mystery, lest ye be wise in your own conceits, that a hardening 161in part hath befallen Israel, until the fulness of the Gentiles be come in;
161Or, hath befallen part of Israel,11:26 and so all Israel shall be saved: even as it is written, 162There shall have come out of Zion the Deliverer; He shall turn away 163ungodliness from Jacob:
162Is 59:20f.11:27 164And this is 165my covenant unto them, When I would take away their sins.
164Is 27:9.11:28 As touching the 166gospel, they are enemies for your sake: but as touching the election, they are beloved for the fathers’ sake.
165Gk. the covenant from me
166See ch. 10:15, 16, and marginal note on ch. 1:1.11:29 For the gifts and the calling of God are not repented of.
11:30 For as ye in time past were disobedient to God, but now have obtained mercy by their disobedience,
11:31 even so have these also now been disobedient, that by 167your mercy they168 also may obtain mercy.
167Or possibly, the mercy shown to you11:32 For God hath shut up all unto disobedience, that he might have mercy upon all.
168So p46 A 1739 81 arm vg. But ℵB 1506 copbo almost alone add now 33 256 copsa add in need
11:33 O the depth 169of the riches 170both of the wisdom and the knowledge of God! how unsearchable are his condemnations, and his ways past tracing out!
169Or, of the riches and the wisdom etc.11:34 For who hath known the mind of the Lord? or who hath become his counsellor?
170Or, both of wisdom etc.
11:35 or who hath first given to him, and it shall be recompensed unto him again?
11:36 For of him, and through him, and unto him, are all things. To him be the glory 171for ever. Amen.
171Gk. unto the ages.[Rom 12]
12:1 I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, to present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, 172acceptable to God, which is your 173logical 174service.
172Gk. well-pleasing and in vs. 2.12:2 And be not fashioned according to this 175age: but be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind, that ye may prove what is 176the good and acceptable and perfect will of God.
173Gk. λογικος, logikos, belonging to the reason
175Or, world:12:3 For I say, through the grace that was given me, to everyone that is among you, not to think of himself more highly than he ought to think; but so to think as to think soberly, according as God hath dealt to each man a measure of faith.
176Or, the will of God, even the thing which is good and acceptable and perfect.
12:4 For even as we have many members in one body, and all the members have not the same office:
12:5 so we, who are many, are one body in Christ, and severally members one of another.
12:6 And having gifts differing according to the grace that was given to us, whether prophecy, let us prophesy according to the proportion of our faith;
12:7 or ministry, let us give ourselves to our ministry; or he that teacheth, to his teaching;
12:8 or he that exhorteth, to his exhorting: he that giveth, let him do it with 177liberality; he that leadeth, with diligence; he that showeth mercy, with cheerfulness.
177Gk. singleness;12:9 Let love be without hypocrisy. Abhor that which is evil; cleave to that which is good.
12:10 In love of the brethren be tenderly affectioned one to another; in honor preferring one another;
12:11 in diligence not slothful; fervent in their spirit; serving the Lord;
12:12 rejoicing in hope; patient in tribulation; continuing stedfastly in prayer;
12:13 communicating to the necessities of the saints; 178given to hospitality.
178Gk. pursuing12:14 Bless them that persecute you; bless, and curse not.
12:15 Rejoice with them that rejoice; weep with them that weep.
12:16 Be of the same mind one toward another. Set not your mind on high things, but 179condescend to 180things that are lowly. Be not wise in your own conceits.
179Gk. be carried away with12:17 Render to no man evil for evil. Take thought for things honorable in the sight of all men.
12:18 If it be possible, as much as in you lieth, be at peace with all men.
12:19 Avenge not yourselves, beloved, but give place unto the 181wrath of God: for it is written, 182Vengeance belongeth unto me; I will recompense, saith the Lord.
181Or, wrath:12:20 But 183if thine enemy hunger, feed him; if he thirst, give him to drink: for in so doing thou shalt heap coals of fire upon his head.
183(Prov 25:21f.)12:21 Be not overcome of evil, but overcome evil with good.
13:1 Let every soul be in subjection to the higher authorities: for there is no power but of God; and the authorities that be are ordained of God.
13:2 Therefore he that resisteth the authority, withstandeth the ordinance of God: and they that withstand shall receive to themselves condemnation.
13:3 For rulers are not a terror to the good work, but to the evil. And wouldest thou have no fear of the authority? do that which is good, and thou shalt have praise from the same:
13:4 for 184he is a minister of God to thee for good. But if thou do that which is evil, be afraid; for he beareth not the sword in vain: for he is a minister of God, an avenger for wrath to him that doeth evil.
184Or, it (all three times)13:5 Wherefore ye must needs be in subjection, not only because of the wrath, but also for conscience’ sake.
13:6 For for this cause ye pay tribute also; for they are ministers of God’s service, attending continually upon this very thing.
13:7 Render to all their dues: tribute to whom tribute is due; custom to whom custom; fear to whom fear; honor to whom honor.
13:8 Owe no man anything, save to love one another: for he that loveth 185his neighbor hath fulfilled the law.
185Gk. the other Compare 1Co 6:1; 10:24; Ga 6:4.13:9 For this, 186Thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not kill, Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not covet, and if there be any other commandment, it is summed up in this word, namely, Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself.
186Ex 20:13ff.; Dt 5:17ff.13:10 Love worketh no ill to his neighbor: love therefore is the fulfilment of the law.
13:11 And this, knowing the season, that already it is time for you to awake out of slumber: for now is 187salvation nearer to us than when we first believed.
187Or, our salvation nearer than when etc.13:12 The night is far spent, and the day is at hand: let us therefore cast off the works of darkness, and let us put on the armor of light.
13:13 Let us walk becomingly, as in daytime; not in revelling and drunkenness, not in chambering and wantonness, not in strife and jealousy.
13:14 But put ye on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make not provision for the flesh, to fulfil the lusts thereof.
14:1 But him that is weak in faith receive ye, yet not 188for judgment of reasonings.
188Or, to doubtful disputations.14:2 One man hath faith to eat all things: but he that is weak eateth only herbs.
14:3 Let not him that eateth set at nought him that eateth not; and let not him that eateth not judge him that eateth: for God hath received him.
14:4 Who art thou that judgest the 189servant of another? to his own lord he standeth or falleth. Yes, he shall be made to stand; for the Lord hath power to make him stand.
189Gk. household-servant14:5 One man esteemeth one day above another: another esteemeth every day alike. Let each man be fully assured in his own mind.
14:6 He that regardeth the day, regardeth it unto the Lord: and he that eateth, eateth unto the Lord, for he giveth God thanks; and he that eateth not, unto the Lord he eateth not, and giveth God thanks.
14:7 For none of us liveth to himself, and none dieth to himself.
14:8 For whether we live, we live unto the Lord; or whether we die, we die unto the Lord: whether we live therefore, or die, we are the Lord’s.
14:9 For to this end Christ died and lived again, that he might be Lord of both the dead and the living.
14:10 But thou, why dost thou judge thy brother? or thou again, why dost thou set at nought thy brother? for we shall all stand before the judgment-seat of God.
14:11 For it is written, 190As I live, saith the Lord, to me every knee shall bow, And every tongue shall 191joyfully confess to God.
190Is 45:23.14:12 So then each one of us shall give account of himself to God.
191Or, give praise to God.
14:13 Let us not therefore judge one another any more: but judge ye this rather, that no man put a stumblingblock in his brother’s way, or an occasion of falling.
14:14 I know, and am persuaded in the Lord Jesus, that nothing is unclean of itself: save that to him who accounteth anything to be unclean, to him it is unclean.
14:15 For if because of meat thy brother is grieved, thou walkest no longer in love. Destroy not with thy meat him for whom Christ died.
14:16 Let not then your good be evil spoken of:
14:17 for the kingdom of God is not eating and drinking, but righteousness and peace and joy in the Holy Spirit.
14:18 For he that herein serveth Christ is well-pleasing to God, and approved of men.
14:19 So then 192let us follow after the things which make for peace, and the things whereby we may edify one another.
192So C 1739 33 81 1506 and the majority of lesser Gk. mss., copsa,bo arm vg. But ℵBA 048 read we follow after14:20 Overthrow not for meat’s sake the work of God. All things indeed are clean; howbeit it is evil for that man who eateth with offence.
14:21 It is good not to eat flesh, nor to drink wine, nor to do anything whereby thy brother 193stumbleth.
193So ℵaCA 048 1739 81 1506 copbo. ℵ* reads is grieved. B 33vid and the majority of lesser Gk. mss., copsa arm vg read stumbleth or is offended or is weakened.14:22 194The faith which thou hast, have thou to thyself before God. Happy is he that judgeth not himself in that which he 195approveth.
194So ℵBCA 048 almost alone. Most read Hast thou faith?14:23 But he that doubteth is condemned if he eat, because he eateth not of faith; and whatsoever is not of faith is sin.196
195Or, putteth to the test.
196See note on ch. 16:25.[Rom 15]
15:1 Now we that are strong ought to bear the infirmities of the weak, and not to please ourselves.
15:2 Let each one of us please his neighbor for that which is good, unto edifying.
15:3 For Christ also pleased not himself; but as it is written, The 197reproaches of them that reproached thee fell upon me.
197Ps 69:9.15:4 For whatsoever things were written aforetime were written for our learning, that through 198patience and through comfort of the scriptures we might have hope.
198Or, stedfastness Also in vs. 5.15:5 Now the God of patience and of comfort grant you to be of the same mind one with another according to Christ Jesus:
15:6 that with one accord ye may with one mouth glorify 199the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ.
199Or, God and (or, God, even) the Father So also in 2Co 1:3, 11:31; Ep 1:3; 1Pt 1:3.15:7 Wherefore receive ye one another, even as Christ also received 200you, to the glory of God.
200So ℵCA 1739 33 81 and a majority of lesser Gk. mss., copbo arm vg. B 048 1506 copsa read us,15:8 For I say that Christ hath been made a minister of the circumcision for the truth of God, that he might confirm the promises given unto the fathers,
15:9 and that the 201Gentiles might glorify God for his mercy; as it is written, 202Therefore will I 203confess unto thee among the Gentiles, And sing unto thy name.
201Gk. nations (both times) and in vss. 10-12, 16-18. Compare Mt 4:15.15:10 And again he saith, 204Rejoice, ye Gentiles, with his people.
202Ps 18:49 (or 2Sa 22:50).
203Or, give praise
204Dt 32:43.15:11 And again, 205Praise the Lord, all ye Gentiles; And let all the peoples praise him.
205Ps 117:1.15:12 And again Isaiah saith, 206There shall be the root of Jesse, And he that ariseth to rule over the Gentiles; On him shall the Gentiles hope.
206Is 11:10.15:13 Now the God of hope fill you with all joy and peace in believing, that ye may abound in hope, in the power of the Holy Spirit.
15:14 And I myself also am persuaded of you, my brethren, that ye yourselves are full of goodness, filled with all knowledge, able also to admonish one another.
15:15 But I write the more boldly unto you in some measure, as putting you again in remembrance, because of the grace that was given me of God,
15:16 that I should be a minister of Christ Jesus unto the Gentiles, 207ministering the 208gospel of God, that the offering up of the Gentiles might become acceptable, being sanctified by the Holy Spirit.
207Gk. ministering in sacrifice15:17 I have therefore my glorying in Christ Jesus in things pertaining to God.
208See marginal note on ch. 1:1.
15:18 For I will not dare to speak of any 209things save those which Christ wrought through me, for the obedience of the Gentiles, by word and deed,
209Gk. of those things which Christ wrought not through me,15:19 in the power of signs and wonders, in the power of 210the Spirit of God; so that from Jerusalem, and round about even unto Illyricum, I have 211fully preached the 212gospel of Christ;
210So p46ℵ 1506 and a majority of lesser Gk. mss. B alone reads the Spirit; A 1739 33 81 cop arm vg read the Holy Spirit;15:20 yes, 213making it my aim so to 214preach the gospel, not where Christ was already named, that I might not build upon another man’s foundation;
211Gk. fulfilled Compare Col 1:25.
212See marginal note on ch. 1:1.
213Gk. being ambitious to or, I aspire to See 2Co 5:9; 1Ths 4:11.15:21 but, as it is written, 215They shall see, to whom no tidings of him came, And they who have not heard shall understand.
214See marginal note on ch. 1:15.
215Is 52:15.15:22 Wherefore also I was hindered these many times from coming to you:
15:23 but now, having no more any place in these regions, and having these many years a longing to come unto you,
15:24 whensoever I go unto Spain (for I hope to see you in my journey, and to be brought on my way thitherward by you, if first in some measure I shall have been satisfied with your company).
15:25 but now, I say, I go unto Jerusalem, ministering unto the saints.
15:26 For it hath been the good pleasure of Macedonia and Achaia to make a certain contribution for the poor among the saints that are at Jerusalem.
15:27 Yes, it hath been their good pleasure; and their debtors they are. For if the Gentiles have been made partakers of their spiritual things, they owe it to them also to minister unto them in carnal things.
15:28 When therefore I have accomplished this, and have sealed to them this fruit, I will go on by you unto Spain.
15:29 And I know that, when I come unto you, I shall come in the fulness of the blessing of Christ.
15:30 Now I beseech you, brethren, by our Lord Jesus Christ, and by the love of the spirit, that ye strive together with me in your prayers to God for me;
15:31 that I may be delivered from them that are disobedient in Judea, and that my ministration which I have for Jerusalem may be acceptable to the saints;
15:32 that I may come unto you in joy through the will of God, and together with you find rest.
15:33 Now the God of peace be with you all. Amen.
16:1 I commend unto you Phoebe our sister, who is a 216deaconess of the church that is at Cenchreae:
216Or, servant16:2 that ye receive her in the Lord, worthily of the saints, and that ye assist her in whatsoever matter she may have need of you: for she herself also became a helper of many, and of mine own self.
16:3 Salute Prisca and Aquila my fellow-workers in Christ Jesus,
16:4 who for my soul laid down their own necks; unto whom not only I give thanks, but also all the churches of the Gentiles:
16:5 and salute the church that is in their house. Salute Epaenetus my beloved, who is a firstfruit of Asia unto Christ.
16:6 Salute Mary, who bestowed much labor on you.
16:7 Salute Andronicus and 217Junia, my kinsmen, and my fellow-prisoners, who are of note among the apostles, who also have been in Christ before me.
217Or possibly, Junias,16:8 Salute Ampliatus my beloved in the Lord.
16:9 Salute Urbanus our fellow-worker in Christ, and Stachys my beloved.
16:10 Salute Apelles the approved in Christ. Salute them that are of the household of Aristobulus.
16:11 Salute Herodion my kinsman. Salute them of the household of Narcissus, that are in the Lord.
16:12 Salute Tryphaena and Tryphosa, who labor in the Lord. Salute Persis the beloved, who labored much in the Lord.
16:13 Salute Rufus the chosen in the Lord, and his mother and mine.
16:14 Salute Asyncritus, Phlegon, Hermes, Patrobas, Hermas, and the brethren that are with them.
16:15 Salute Philologus and Julia, Nereus and his sister, and Olympas, and all the saints that are with them.
16:16 Salute one another with a holy kiss. All the churches of Christ salute you.
16:17 Now I beseech you, brethren, mark them that are causing the divisions and occasions of stumbling, contrary to the 218doctrine which ye learned: and turn away from them.
218Or, teaching16:18 for they that are such serve not our Lord Christ, but their own belly; and by their smooth and fair speech they beguile the hearts of the innocent.
16:19 For your obedience is come abroad unto all men. I rejoice therefore over you: but I would have you wise unto that which is good, and simple unto that which is evil.
16:20 And the God of peace shall bruise Satan under your feet shortly. The grace of our Lord 219Jesus be with you.
219So p46ℵB 1881 alone. CA 1739 33 81 and most, cop arm vg read Jesus Christ16:21 Timothy my fellow-worker saluteth you; and Lucius and Jason and Sosipater, my kinsmen,
16:22 I Tertius, 220who write the epistle in the Lord, salute you.
220Or, who write the epistle, salute you in the Lord.16:23 Gaius my host, and of the whole church, saluteth you. Erastus the treasurer of the city saluteth you, and Quartus the brother.221
221So p46,61 ℵBCA 1739 81 (1506 omits 16:1-24) copsa,bo vg. 1175 1881 D and a majority of lesser Gk. mss. add a vs. 24 The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all. Amen. 33 P add the verse after vs. 27.16:24 []
16:25 222Now to him that is able to establish you according to my 223gospel and the preaching of Jesus Christ, according to the revelation of the mystery which hath been kept in silence 224through times eternal,
222So p61ℵBC 1739 81 copsa,bo vg. A 33 arm include 16:25-27 here and after ch. 14:23. 1175 1881 and a majority of lesser Gk. mss. include 16:25-27 after ch. 14:23 only. p46 includes 16:25-27 only after ch. 15:33.16:26 but now is manifested, and 225by the scriptures of the prophets, according to the commandment of the eternal God, is made known unto all the 226nations unto obedience 227of faith:
223See marginal note on ch. 1:1.
224Or, since long ages ago, or possibly, since the world began, Similarly in 2Tm 1:9 and Titus 1:2. See Companion Bible, Appendix 151, II, B, iv.
225Gk. through16:27 to the only wise God, through Jesus Christ, to whom be the glory 228for ever. Amen.
227Or, to the faith:
228Gk. unto the ages. So p46BC 1739 33 1506 1175 copsa. p61ℵA 81 copbo arm vg read unto the ages of the ages.