1:1 Paul, and Silvanus, and Timothy, unto the church of the Thessalonians in God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ;
1:2 Grace to you and peace from God 1our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.
1So ℵA I 81 and the majority of lesser Gk. mss., copsa arm vg. B 1739 33 read the Father1:3 We are bound to give thanks to God always for you, brethren, even as it is meet, for that your faith groweth exceedingly, and the love of each one of you all toward one another aboundeth;
1:4 so that we ourselves glory in you in the churches of God for your 2patience and faith in all your persecutions and in the afflictions which ye endure;
2Or, stedfastness And in ch. 3:5.1:5 which is a manifest token of the righteous judgment of God; to the end that ye may be counted worthy of the kingdom of God, for which ye also suffer:
1:6 if so be that it is a righteous thing with God to recompense affliction to them that afflict you,
1:7 and to you that are afflicted rest with us, at the revelation of the Lord Jesus from heaven with the angels of his power in flaming fire,
1:8 rendering vengeance to them that know not God, and to them that obey not the 3gospel of our Lord Jesus:
3Gk. good tidings And in ch. 2:14. See marginal note on Mt 4:23.1:9 who shall suffer punishment, even eternal destruction from the face of the Lord and from the glory of his strength,
1:10 when he shall come to be glorified in his saints, and to be marvelled at in all them that believed (because our testimony unto you was believed) in that day.
1:11 To which end we also pray always for you, that our God may count you worthy of the calling, and fulfil every 4desire of goodness and every work of faith, with power;
4Gk. good pleasure of goodness Compare Ro 10:1.1:12 that the name of our Lord Jesus may be glorified in you, and ye in him, according to the grace of our God and the Lord Jesus Christ.
2:1 Now we beseech you, brethren, 5touching the presence of our Lord Jesus Christ, and our gathering together unto him;
5Gk. in behalf of or, about2:2 to the end that ye be not quickly shaken from your mind, nor yet be troubled, either by spirit, or by word, or by epistle as from us, as that the day of the Lord is come;
2:3 let no man beguile you in any wise: for it will not be, except the falling away come first, and 6the man of lawlessness be revealed, the son of 7perdition,
6So ℵB 1739 81 copsa,bo arm. A D and a majority of lesser Gk. mss., vg read the man of sin2:4 he that opposeth and exalteth himself against all that is called 8a god or 9that is worshipped; so that he10 sitteth in the 11temple of God, setting himself forth as a god.
7Gk. apōleia, destruction, Cf. Rv 9:11.
8First and third instances of the Greek word theos (θεος, god) lack the definite article (the); hence, a god [in contrast to the second instance]2:5 Remember ye not, that, when I was yet with you, I told you these things?
9Gk. an object of worship; Ac 17:23.
10So ℵBA 1739 33 81 P copsa,bo arm vg. 1175 and a majority of lesser Gk. mss. insert as God
11Or, sanctuary or, temple house
2:6 And now ye know that which restraineth, to the end that he may be revealed in his own season.
2:7 For the mystery of lawlessness doth already work: only there is one that restraineth now, until 12he cometh to be out of its midst.
12Or, he be taken out of the way.2:8 And then shall be revealed the lawless one, whom the Lord 13Jesus shall 14slay with the 15breath of his mouth, and bring to nought by the 16appearing of his presence;
13So ℵA 33 81 copsa,bo arm vg. B 1739 1175 and a majority of lesser Gk. mss. omit Jesus2:9 even he, whose presence is according to a working of Satan with all 17power and signs and wonders of a lie,
141881 and a majority of lesser Gk. mss., copsa,bo read consume
15Or, spirit or, wind
16Or, brightness or, radiance (Gk. epiphaneia)
17Or, power and signs and lying wonders,2:10 and with all deceit of unrighteousness for them that are perishing; because they received not the love of the truth, that they might be saved.
2:11 And for this cause God sendeth them a working of error, that they should believe the lie:
2:12 that they all might be judged who believed not the truth, but had pleasure in unrighteousness.
2:13 But we are bound to give thanks to God always for you, brethren beloved in the Lord, for that God chose you 18a firstfruit unto salvation in sanctification of the spirit and 19belief of the truth:
18So B 1739 33 81 copbo vg. ℵ and a majority of lesser Gk. mss., copsa arm read from the beginning unto salvation2:14 whereunto he called you through our gospel, to the obtaining of the glory of our Lord Jesus Christ.
2:15 So then, brethren, stand fast, and hold the 20instructions which ye were taught, whether by word or by epistle of ours.
20Or, traditions Lit. detailed instructions handed down Also in ch. 3:6. As in 1Co 11:2, Gk. paradosis. Cf. Mt 15:2-6, Mk 7:3-13.2:16 Now our Lord Jesus Christ himself, and God our Father who loved us and gave us eternal comfort and good hope through grace,
2:17 comfort your hearts and establish them in every good work and word.
3:1 Finally, brethren, pray for us that the word of the Lord may run and be glorified, even as also it is with you;
3:2 and that we may be delivered from aberrant and evil men; for 21 not all have faith.
21Lit. not of all men is the faith.3:3 But the Lord is faithful, who shall establish you, and guard you from the 22Evil One.
22Or, evil.3:4 And we have confidence in the Lord touching you, that ye both do and will do the things which we command.
3:5 And the Lord direct your hearts into the love of God, and into the 23patience of Christ.
23Or, stedfastness as in ch. 1:4.3:6 Now we command you, brethren, in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that ye withdraw yourselves from every brother that walketh 24disorderly, and not after the instruction which 25they received of us.
24Or, idly, Also in vss. 7, 11.3:7 For yourselves know how ye ought to imitate us: for we behaved not ourselves disorderly among you;
25So ℵA 33 (1739 81 and a majority of lesser Gk. mss.) vg. B G arm read ye received
3:8 neither did we eat bread for nothing from anyone, but in labor and hardship, working night and day, that we might not burden any of you:
3:9 not because we have not the right, but to make ourselves an ensample unto you, that ye should imitate us.
3:10 For even when we were with you, this we commanded you, If any will not work, neither let him eat.
3:11 For we hear of some that walk among you disorderly, that work not at all, but are busybodies.
3:12 Now them that are such we command and exhort in the Lord Jesus Christ, that with quietness they work, and eat their own bread.
3:13 But ye, brethren, be not weary in well-doing.
3:14 And if any man obeyeth not our word by this epistle, note that man, that ye have no company with him, to the end that he may be ashamed.
3:15 And yet count him not as an enemy, but admonish him as a brother.
3:16 Now the Lord of peace himself give you peace at all times in every 26way. The Lord be with you all.
26A 33 D vg read place.3:17 The salutation of me Paul with mine own hand, which is the token in every epistle: so I write.
3:18 The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all.27
27So ℵB 1739 33 copsa. A 81 and the majority of lesser Gk. mss., copbo arm vg add Amen.