1Or, Judas, or, Judah,1:2 Mercy unto you and peace and love be multiplied.
4Or, to them that are beloved in God the Father, and kept for Jesus Christ, being called: So p72BAℵψ copsa,bo vg. 1739 1852 1241 1243 arm read to the Gentile people, beloved in God etc. 1735 and 458 lesser Gk. mss. read ...sanctified in God ... 1881 322 read to the Gentile people, sanctified in God ...
1:3 Beloved, while I was giving all diligence to write unto you of 5our common salvation, I was constrained to write unto you exhorting you to contend earnestly for the faith which was once delivered unto the saints.
5So p72BA 1739 1243 2344 322 and 49 lesser Gk. mss., copsa arm. 414 lesser Gk. mss. read the common salvation, 1881 2298 and 11 lesser Gk. mss., copbo arm read your common salvation, ℵψ alone read our common salvation and life,1:4 For there are certain men crept in privily, even they who were of old 6written of beforehand unto this condemnation, ungodly men, removing the grace of our God for lasciviousness, and denying 7our only Master and Lord, Jesus Christ.
6Or, set forth unto1:5 Now I desire to put you in remembrance, 8ye having once known all things, that Jesus, having saved a people out of the land of Egypt, 9afterward destroyed them that believed not.
7Or, the only Master, and our Lord Jesus Christ. ψ 2298 1735 and a majority of lesser Gk. mss. read the only Master, God, and our Lord Jesus Christ. p78 reads the only Master, our Lord Jesus Christ. 21 lesser Gk. mss. read the only God and Master, our Lord Jesus Christ.
8So B. A 2344 (33) vg read who having… 1739text 1881 1241 322 and 7 lesser Gk. mss., (copsa,bo) read who having known all things, that Jesus, having once saved But C*(ℵ ye having known)(ψ the Lord) and 15 lesser Gk. mss., read who having known all things, that the Lord, having once saved 392 lesser Gk. mss read ye having once known this, that the Lord, having saved p72* alone reads who having once known all men, that God, Christ having saved1:6 And angels that kept not their own principality, but left their proper habitation, he hath kept in everlasting bonds under dark gloom unto the judgment of the great day.
9Gk. the second time
1:7 Even as Sodom and Gomorrah, and the cities about them, having in like manner with these given themselves over to fornication and gone after strange flesh, are set forth 10as an example, suffering the punishment of eternal fire.
10Or, as an example of eternal fire, suffering punishment.1:8 Yet in like manner these also in their dreamings defile the flesh, and set at nought 11dominion, and rail at 12dignities.
11ℵψ 1846 copsa arm read dominions,1:9 But Michael the archangel, when contending with the devil he disputed about the body of Moses, durst not bring against him a railing judgment, but said, 13The Lord rebuke thee.
13Zech 3:2.1:10 But these rail at whatsoever things they know not: and what they understand naturally, like the creatures without reason, in these things are they 14destroyed.
14Or, corrupted Compare 2Pt 2:12 margin.1:11 Woe unto them! for they went in the way of Cain, and 15ran riotously in the error of Balaam for hire, and perished in the gainsaying of Korah.
15Or, cast themselves away through the error1:12 These are they who are 16hidden rocks in 17your love-feasts when they feast with you, shepherds that without fear feed themselves; clouds without water, carried along by winds; autumn trees without fruit, having died twice, having been plucked up by the roots;
16Or possibly, spots Compare 2Pt 2:13. Lit. rocks of the sea, or, reefs1:13 wild waves of the sea, foaming out their own 18shame; wandering stars, for whom the gloom of darkness hath been reserved 19for ever.
17A*Cvid 1846 read your deceits (cf. 2Pt 2:13) 1243 reads our deceits
18Gk. shames;1:14 And to these also Enoch, the seventh from Adam, prophesied, saying, 20Behold, the Lord came with 21tens of thousands of his 22holy ones,
19Gk. unto the age.
20See The Book of Enoch 1:9, ed. R.H. Charles, 1912.1:15 to execute judgment upon all, and 23to reprove all the ungodly of all their works of ungodliness which they have ungodly wrought, and of all the hard things which ungodly sinners have spoken against him.
21Gk. his holy myriads, (1 myriad = 10 thousand)
23So BACψ 1243 2344 33 and 70 lesser Gk. mss., copbo vg. p72ℵ 1852 almost alone, copsa read to reprove every soul of all their works 388 lesser Gk. mss. read to reprove all the ungodly among them of all their works 1739 1881 1241 322 read to reprove all ungodly of all their works1:16 These are murmurers, complainers, walking after their lusts (and their mouth speaketh great swelling words), showing respect of persons for the sake of advantage.
1:17 But ye, beloved, remember ye the words which have been spoken before by the apostles of our Lord Jesus Christ;
1:18 that they said to you, 24At the last time there shall be mockers, walking after 25their own ungodly lusts.
24Lit. At the last of the time So p72BCψ 1243 and 2 lesser Gk. mss. Aℵ 1852 33 and 22 lesser Gk. mss. read At the last of the time 1739 1241 322 and 17 lesser Gk. mss., cop read At the last times 383 lesser Gk. mss., vg read In the last time 1881 reads At the last days1:19 These are they who make separations, 26sensual, having not the spirit.
25Gk. their own lusts of ungodlinesses.
26Or, natural or, animal Lit., of the soul1:20 But ye, beloved, building up yourselves on your most holy faith, praying in the Holy Spirit,
1:21 keep yourselves in the love of God, looking for the mercy of our Lord Jesus Christ unto eternal life.
1:22 27And on some who are wavering, have mercy;
27So Bℵψ (1852). But AC* 1739 1881 1241 2344 33 322 copbo vg read And convince ye some who are wavering; A majority of lesser Gk. mss. read And on some have mercy, making a difference;1:23 28and some save, seizing them out of the fire; and on some have mercy with fear, hating even the garment spotted by the flesh.
28So A((ℵ*))ψ 1739 1881 33 322 (1241 2344) and 23 lesser Gk. mss., copbo vg arm. B alone reads save them, seizing them out of the fire; etc. C 1852 1243 and 6 lesser Gk. mss. read others save, seizing them out of the fire with fear, hating etc. p72 alone reads And some who are wavering seize out of the fire, but have mercy with fear. (omitting vs. 22)1:24 Now unto him that is able to guard you from stumbling, and to set you before his glory without blemish in exceeding joy,
1:25 to the only29 God our Saviour, 30through Jesus Christ our Lord, be glory, majesty, dominion and authority, 31before all time, and now, and for evermore. Amen.
29So p72BAℵCψ 1739 1852 1881 1241 1243 2344 33 322 2298 81 and 23 lesser Gk. mss., copbo vg arm. 1846 1735 and 443 lesser Gk. mss. add wise (Compare Ro 16:27.)
301243 and 376 lesser Gk. mss. omit through Jesus Christ our Lord,
31Gk. before all the age, and now, and unto all the ages. (p72) P 1175 and 379 lesser Gk. mss. (none noteworthy) omit before all the age,